Aleppo monuments

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Aleppo city

Aleppo is nicknamed in the name of al-Shahba, which is one of the cities of the Syrian Republic, and it is one of the largest cities in the countries of the Levant. Its land area is 190 km², and its population is 99.179 thousand people, according to statistics in 1883 AD. The population of the community consists of the Arab population, and minorities from Circassians, Armenians, Kurds, and Turkmen, and the population speaks the Arabic language mixed with some Turkish words, while the official religion of the population is the Islamic religion, and a minority of the population condemns the Christian religion.

Historical Sites

Aleppo contains many archaeological and historical places, as follows:

  • Historical schools such as Al-Shazabakhty School, Al-Dhahria School, Al-Halawiya School, and Al-Muqaddameia School.
  • Old markets such as the Medina market, the perfumery market, the Jasmine market, the Sayegh market, the Al-Atma market, the Blacksmiths market, the Ferry market, and the Khan Al-Harir market.
  • Castles such as the Aleppo citadel, and the fortress of Seif al-Dawla al-Hamdani.
  • National Books House.
  • Historic doors such as Bab Al Jinan, Bab Al Faraj, Bab Al Nasr, Bab Antioch, Bab Al Hadid, Bab Qansreen, Bab Al Ahmar, Bab Al Maqam, and Bab Al Nairab.
  • Throne room.
  • Mosques are like the Khusrawiyya Mosque.
  • Bab Al-Faraj Clock Tower.
  • Bimaristan Aragon, Kamali.
  • Red cliff.
  • Municipal palace building.
  • Churches such as the Church of the Forty Martyrs, and the Church of Shibani.
  • Agami Library.
  • The minaret of the Umayyad Mosque.
  • Khanate such as Khan al-Burghul, Khan al-Saboun, Khan al-Qadi, Khan al-Wazir, Khan al-Nahhasin, Khan Khairy Bek, Khan al-Venice, Khan al-Shuna and Khan al-Customs.
  • Museums such as the Aleppo Citadel Museum and the Museum of Popular Traditions.
  • Other historical places include: Ain Dara, Jaddah al-Maghara, Deir al-Sahour Monastery, Dederiyeh Cave, Mar Maroun Cemetery, and Qasr Al-Bureij Village.
  • Seven Square Bahrat.
  • Baghdad train station.

general information

  • Several civilizations followed the lands of the city of Aleppo: Byzantine civilization, Islamic civilization, Persian civilization, Hellenic, Roman, Hittite, and Aramaic civilization.
  • In the year 1516 AD, the city became a property of the Ottoman Empire.
  • Among the most famous industries in the city: Aleppo soap industry, yarn industry, chemical industry, textile and textile industry, electronic industries, dairy industry, food industry, vegetable oil industry, and solar energy industries.
  • The city is 1,240 feet above sea level.


The city is located geographically on the northern side of the Republic of Syria, specifically at the end of the Silk Road that connects the countries of Asia Minor and Mesopotamia, and is astronomically located on the longitude 37.1590 degrees east of the Greenwich Line, and on the latitude 36.2053 degrees north of the equator, but its climate is a climate Subcontinent, due to the presence of mountains bordering the Mediterranean Sea, which block the currents of the Mediterranean climate from entering it.


Where is the mountain of light?

Traces of folk returned


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