All you need to know about the state of Sao Tome and Principe

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Currency in Sao Tome and Principe

The island’s currency is the dobra, symbolized by the STD, including the paper and metal units. It was issued in 1977 and is divided into 100 centimeters. There are all categories of them, from 10 dobra to 5,000 dobra.

This currency comes in second place from the list of the cheapest currencies on the world level after the Iranian riyal, where the price of one dollar reached twenty-four and a half thousand dobras at a relatively lower value against the euro, which is a very simple price and does not contribute to any role in the global stock exchange and occupies the last boxes in the African stock exchange, which Affects the economy and investment in the island.

Population, percentage of Muslims and other religions

All you need to know about the state of Sao - All you need to know about the state of Sao Tome and Principe
The population of the island, according to the 2010 census and the National Statistics Institute of Cape Verde, is 16,378, distributed as follows: 157,000 on Sao Tome Island and 6,000 on Principe Island.
The majority of the population condemns Christianity by 97%, and we find that 75% of the number are Catholics, the rest are Protestants, Seventh-day Anglicans, and the spread of Christianity is due to the Portuguese occupation of the island.
The number of Muslims does not exceed 3%, and the island does not contain any mosques or Islamic institutions, and the proportion of the religious is almost negligible. The Roman Catholic Church has a major role in serving the various religions on the island.

Transportation on Sao Tome and Principe

The island’s biggest problem is internal transportation. Roads are rough and most of the island’s area lies on the coast and transportation to and from it from the neighboring islands is by boat.
The internal transportation movement on the island depends on motorcycles equipped to carry a person or two, and Sao Tome Island contains an international airport that serves the two islands and works to transport tourists and those interested in exploration trips to the island on a regular basis, although it needs to be expanded slightly, but it provides excellent service and transportation is considered high in the island Although few and far, paving roads is the first step to providing adequate transportation to the island.

Economy in Sao Tome and Principe

The waters in the Gulf of Guinea are rich in oil, so the island’s economy began to expand, relying on these natural resources, after it was limited to exports of cocoa spread over the island.
The Portuguese government, which is actually responsible for the oil industry in the region, agreed in 2003 to take advantage of the island with a share of oil exports in the Gulf of Guinea by 40%, which greatly revived the economy and contributes to expanding the field of work in the oil industries inside the island, along with the remaining exports of cocoa and bananas.
The island’s sugar industry has decreased recently due to the strong competition from Brazil in this field and at a level that exceeds the island.

The most important fruits grown on Sao Tome and Principe

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The island is characterized by fertile soil suitable for all crops, even though the most famous trees scattered there, which are among the natural features of the island are cocoa and banana trees.
The island is famous for cocoa cultivation in particular, as it represents a sixth of the world’s production of this delicious fruit. Sugar cane cultivation has also been introduced recently to the island, although Brazil is competing in the cultivation of this type of fruit, but the island maintains this lateral cultivation. The island is also known for its distinctive chocolate drink, which is Tourist of all nationalities is admired.

The most important industries on Sao Tome and Principe

The island has been famous recently for the oil industries that depend on the island’s share of the Gulf of Guinea oil and the petrochemical industries that depend on oil waste such as plastics, oils and detergents such as soaps.
As well as food industries that depend on the island’s cocoa plantations, as well as fishing and canning fish alongside the building materials and sugar industry, but at a much lower rate than the emergence of many competitors in the field and the island seeks to develop its industries, especially petroleum, and increase the number of the workforce and rely on experts from abroad to advance the economy


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