An Italian island in the Mediterranean

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Sicily is the largest Italian island located in the Mediterranean Sea, in addition to it is an autonomous region, around which there are several small islands such as the Aeolian Islands, and the island is officially called “the Sicilian Autonomous Region”. The island enjoys a strategic location due to its presence on the Mediterranean trade route.

In the old days, Sicily was a country in its own right in one of its historical stages; its influence extended to Malta and southern Italy, then it came under the rule of the Bourbons from the two Sicilians, where the Kingdom and its capital were Naples, and when Italy was unified in 1860 AD this led to the dissolution of the kingdom, and it became Sicily is an autonomous island within the Kingdom of Italy. The island covers an area of ​​approximately 25,708 square kilometers, and its population is approximately 5 million.


Sicily possesses unique cultures with regard to music, cooking, arts, literature, language and architecture. The island was the cradle of some of the world’s greatest personalities and the most influential in human history. As for the island’s economy, it is largely based on areas of agriculture such as: citrus cultivation such as orange and lemon, as well as It has a tourist importance in terms of attracting tourists to the region due to the natural and breathtaking beauty it contains. The importance of Sicily also comes in terms of the presence of some ancient archaeological sites in it, such as: Valley of the Temples, and Necropolis Pantalica.

Island biodiversity

There are many forests and rivers on the island of Sicily, the largest of which is the “Bosco di Caronia” forest, as there are many types of birds especially rare, and in some cases the island is a border point for some types of animals such as: Masked crow that exists in Sicily, Corsica and Sardinia and does not exist In the regions of the far south, where there are the most active volcanoes in the world, the island also has a dry and hot Mediterranean climate in the summer and mild cold in the winter.

The island’s rivers

Sicily cuts several rivers, most of which are from the central region and enter the sea from the south of the island. From these rivers we mention:

  • Salso River: It is one of the longest rivers to pass through the island, with a length of 144 km.
  • Beshley with a length of 107 km.
  • Simeto River with a length of 113 km.
  • The Platani River with a length of 103 km.
  • Detaino River 105 km.
  • Gornalonga is 81 km long.
  • Cimarosa The river is 72 km long.
  • Gila River with a length of 74 km.
  • Erminio River with a length of 57 km.
  • Torto with a length of 58 km
  • Derillo with a length of 54 km.
  • Verdura with a length of 53 km.
  • The Tilaro River is 45 km long.
  • Anabu River, with a length of 40 km.

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