Ancient cities

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Ancient cities

Many are the ancient cities that exist in our world, which people have known from ancient times and established them since their inception to be an important human center, so they have expanded to become a large area, and established ancient and great civilizations, the effects of which are still witnessed.

It is very difficult to determine which cities are the oldest at all in the world, because whenever it adopts the designation of a particular city that it is the oldest, the excavations – which are carried out permanently – prove the presence of traces of older cities and settlements, especially as happened with each of: the city of Byblos, the city of Aleppo , Damascus, Jericho, and Balkh. Below we list some of the oldest cities, each according to the continent.

Ancient cities located on the African continent

  • The city of Fayoum: It was known in the past as Larsenoy or Courdelopolis, located in the Arab Republic of Egypt. It was inhabited by man from the fourth millennium BC.
  • Luxor City: It is located in the Egyptian state and inhabited by man since about a year two thousand two hundred BC. It was established to be the capital of Upper Egypt in Egypt.
  • The city of Zilaa: It is known as the ancient country of the Berbers, it is located in the state of Somalia, and it is inhabited by people in the ninth century BC. It is considered the main commercial city in the Horn of Africa.
  • The city of Carthage: located in the Republic of Tunisia, and inhabited by man since about eighteen and fourteen years BC, and was founded by the Phoenicians.
  • The city of Yeha: It was previously known as the Kingdom of Damt, and it is located in the Ayyubid state. It was inhabited by man since about seven hundred years BC, and it is located in the southern part of the African desert.

Ancient cities located on the Asian continent

  • The city of Sanaa: It is one of the cities of the Arabian Peninsula, located in the Republic of Yemen, inhabited by man since about six thousand years BC.
  • The city of Jbeil: It was known as Byblos, and it is located in the Lebanese Republic. It has been inhabited by people for about five thousand years, that is, since the Copper Age, and it has been famous in the past as the oldest city in history.
  • The city of Aleppo: It is located in the Syrian Arab Republic, and people have inhabited it for about four thousand and three hundred years before BC, but excavations prove that it has been inhabited for more than thirteen thousand years before BC.
  • The city of Damascus: It is also located in the Syrian state, and dates back to the copper age. Settlements dating back to 9000 BC were found in the Barada Basin.
  • Shushan City: It is located in the Iranian Republic, and according to excavations, it has been inhabited for more than five thousand years before BC.
  • The city of Sidon is located in the Lebanese state, and has been inhabited by man since the fourth millennium BC.
  • The city of Jericho: It is located in the state of Palestine, and people have inhabited it since the copper age, that is, about the third millennium BC, but there are traces of human settlement in it dating back to the year nine thousand BC.

Ancient cities located on the European continent

  • Argos: located in the Greek state, and dates back to the Neolithic period.
  • Plovdiv city: historically known as Thrace, it is located in the Bulgarian state and inhabited by man since the fourth millennium BC.
  • The city of Kutaisi: It is located in the Republic of Georgia, and it was known as Colchis, and it was inhabited by man since about two thousand years BC.

Ancient cities located on the American continent

  • The city of Chilol: It is located in the State of Mexico, and it was inhabited by the second human before BC, and it is the oldest inhabited city on the continent.
  • Mexico City: It is also located in the State of Mexico, and it founded the Mexican civilization, and it has been inhabited by man since the year one thousand three hundred and twenty five AD.
  • The city of St. Johns: It is located in the state of Canada, and inhabited by humans since one thousand five hundred and forty years, and it is the oldest city in Canada.

Ancient cities located on the continent of Oceania

  • Ternate Island: It is located in the state of Indonesia, and was known in the ancient times as the Sultanate of Ternate, and inhabited by humans for about a thousand, one hundred and nine years.
  • Sydney: It is located in the state of Australia, and is known historically as New South Wales, and it has been inhabited by humans for more than one thousand seven hundred and eighty-eight years.
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