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Jordan is one of the Arab countries located in the Levant region, and it contains a large group of ancient archaeological sites that date back to ancient times. These sites were used by civilizations such as Byzantine, Ammonite, Umayyad, Greek, Romen, Nabatean, and many others, as well as many others. There are many sites that have a great religious standing, as the prophets took them for a period of time, such as Mount Nebo.

Ancient Jordanian antiquities


It is an archaeological site located in the city of Maan in the southern part of Jordan, and the history of the site dates back to 312 BC, as it was built by the Nabateans, and it is one of the oldest civilizations that existed in the past. Petra was discovered in 1812 by the Swiss orientalist Johann Ludwig Barckhart, and it is now considered one of the important symbols in the country, because it became one of the seven new wonders of the world in 2007, and its location consists of the Siq, the treasury, the monastery, the theater, the girl’s palace, the court, and the temple The great, the altar …


Jerash, located in the north of Jordan, is considered one of the most important ancient archaeological sites, as there are still many monuments that tell the stories of ancient civilizations that were taken from the city as its headquarters, and among the most prominent archaeological sites:

  • Southern Theater: It dates back to the first century AD by the Romens, and can accommodate approximately three thousand spectators, and although it was used as a place to hold combat sports, it is now a theater for concerts and concerts.
  • The way of the nymphs: It is a place that contains a group of water fountains that were built at the end of the second century AD.
  • Philadelphia Gate: Its construction dates back to the second century AD, and now it is an archaeological remnant after the war destruction that struck it in the year 268 AD.
  • Temple of Artemis: Its construction dates back to the second century AD, and was built to be a temple guard for the city and to protect it from external wars.
  • Hippodorm: It is a sports website that represents a circus and horse race track.
  • Symposium Square: It is a square that takes the shape of an oval, and the most important thing that distinguishes it is that it contains at its edges a set of columns.
  • The Cathedral with Stone Gate: Its construction dates back to the fourth century AD as a Byzantine church.

Cave of the people of the cave

It is considered one of the ancient religious archaeological sites, as its name was associated with the story of the people of the cave that appeared in the Holy Quran, and although there is no specific year for its discovery, it was discovered by Jordanian archaeologist Rafik Wafa Al-Dajani during the year 1963 AD in the southeastern part of the Jordanian capital Amman .

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