Dome of the Rock
The Mosque of the Dome of the Rock, with its octagonal golden dome, is considered one of the most prominent and famous monuments in the city of Jerusalem, which was built in the Umayyad era during the time of Caliph Abd al-Malik bin Marwan. Summer, and to be a place of pilgrimage during the pilgrimage season. It is located within the boundaries of the Al-Aqsa Mosque, and inside it is the rock, from which Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, ascended to heaven.
Also called the Gate of Damascus, and it is one of the most famous gates of the city of Jerusalem, where the existing gate was built by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is one of the most famous monuments of Christianity in Palestine and the world, as the original church was built in 326 AD and Christians believe that it was built on the same solid site and resurrection of Jesus, peace be upon him, as the church was destroyed during the invasion of Jerusalem from the Persians in 614 AD and was rebuilt and restored after the victory of Hercules over the Persians And, after the first Islamic conquest of Jerusalem by the Islamic army at the time of Umar ibn al-Khattab, he refused to convert it to a mosque for fear that Muslims would convert churches to mosques.
Hisham bin Abdul Malik Palace
The palace of the Umayyad caliph Hisham bin Abd al-Malik is located five kilometers north of Jericho. This palace was built to be the seat of the Umayyad dynasty that ruled a great empire that stretched from India to France. Islamic motifs found in the palace are impressive examples of Islamic art in architecture.