Ancient ruins of Babylon

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History of Babylon

The city of Babel is located in Iraq, ninety kilometers south of the capital, Baghdad, and Babel is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in Iraq, as it was the capital of the Babylonian kingdom in the past. The city of Babylon emerged prominently during the reign of King Hammurabi, and it also appeared brilliantly in the rule of King Nebuchadnezzar II, who built many of the places and monuments that distinguished Babylon.

Among the most important features of the city of Babylon was that it was an important commercial and religious center in the ancient kingdom of Babylon, and the Babylonian civilization flourished there at the hands of Hammurabi for 43 years, which was called the golden period of the Iraqi countries afterwards. What was also distinguished by the roses mentioned in the Holy Qur’an: (And it was not revealed to the two angels, with Babylon Harut and Marut) [البقرة: 102].

Monuments of the city of Babylon

The city of Babylon in Iraq contains many important places and monuments, including:

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Hanging gardens were constructed in the seventh century B.C. Which was narrated in artistic ways.

Hanging gardens are among the seven wonders of the world, as they are considered one of the greatest architectural arts that were built in the past, as they were used in building rare stones, which were used as gifts for the king, as they contained many plants and trees that were irrigated with water that was stored in tanks located in the layers of the palace Supreme.

The magnificence of the hanging gardens appeared in the spring and summer seasons, and the smells and pleasant fragrances of garden flowers and roses were fragrant, and these suspended gardens or gardens later became a testament to the ability of Nebuchadnezzar to make a beautiful vegetable oasis in the midst of the gloom of the desert scene at the time.

Babel’s Lion

A statue made of stone, with a height of 1195 cm, and a length of 260 cm, it is a statue of a lion that appears to prey on a person and that this person represents the enemy.

Ishtar Gate

It was named by this name because the word Ishtar means the morning light in Hebrew, and Ishtar is the god of love and war for the Babylonians, while the Ishtar Gate is a historical castle, distinguished by a special style and high luxury in the building, as it is distinguished by many artistic forms and edges, and surfaces that are decorated with statues Carved in the form of animals and plants, which are designed in ceramics, in a manner characterized by precision and craftsmanship, as decorated by colored porcelain, and many of the paintings engraved on its black walls, which in turn symbolize the gods Ishtar, and calves symbolizing the gods Adad, and the dragon Mush Khosh, which symbolizes the gods Marduk.

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