Antiquities of ancient Egypt

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Antiquities of ancient Egypt

Egypt, its glorious past is spoken through its temples and sacrifices. People all over the world are fascinated by the mystery and beauty of ancient Egyptian civilization, but everyone who saw it wished to own a piece of it.

For thousands of years, Egyptian history appears through artifacts and gold coins buried under the sand, which archaeologists have been working on extracting, analyzing, studying, and sending them to all parts of the world, as a rare archaeological value, which can be found only in Egypt.

sphinx

A statue carved by rock with limestone, representing a mythical figure, sculpted to be the guardian of the place where it lies, with a human head and a lion’s body, seated on a huge stone base, next to the pyramids, in Giza.

The Sphinx is one of the oldest statues that were known in Giza. Archaeological studies have shown that it was carved in the period between two thousand five hundred and thirty two, and the year two thousand five hundred and fifty BC before the time of Pharaoh Khafre, the builder of the second pyramid in Giza.

The Sphinx is about seventy-three meters long, nineteen and a half meters wide, and it is about twenty meters above the ground. Archaeologists have revealed that it was a huge stone piece, before Khafre ordered to carve it, and installed him as a guard for the area.

Pyramids

The pyramids are located at a distance that brings together the two regions of Abu Rawash in Giza, up to the Hawara area in the town of Fayoum, and were built by the kings of the pharaohs as royal tombs for them, to help their decadent bodies after death from moving to the sky, and joining the rest of the gods there, to care for their people, and to attribute goodness, blessings, prosperity on them.

It took more than a hundred years to build the Egyptian pyramids, whose names were taken from the pharaohs that were built on their time, “Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure”, from three thousand six hundred and eleven, to three thousand six hundred and thirty. Pharaoh Khufu built it during his reign, and this pyramid was distinguished by the abundance of inscriptions and drawings that appeared on its walls, showing the glories of Pharaoh, and some of the hymns and sacred words that Pharaoh must present to the gods after his departure, to greet them, and take blessings from them.

The manuscript of the doors is King Ramesses the First, Pharaoh of Egypt

Although Ramses I did not carry in his veins the blood of the original Pharaohs, he managed to reach a judgment at a later age, and he took the title of Pharaoh Ramses I.

The judgment passed to him after the death of Tutankhamun in his teenage years, who died without leaving an heir, and after him the referee took his mentor, Horemheb, to rule, which was not long either, and he also left, but before his departure he entrusted his right arm and was called Ramses to rule, and he was This is a strong military leader, whose heroics in clearing the northern borders of Egypt are from the hands of the Houthis at the time, and his people imitated them as king over them, as he rebuilt the royal dynasty, the nineteenth dynasty of the Pharaohs.

Ramses I was unable to leave many traces indicating his accomplishments during the period in which he ruled Egypt, except for a manuscript that was considered one of the important manuscripts that was found with him in his private burial, and this manuscript is called the Book of Doors, where it clarifies ancient Egyptian beliefs, and some religious hymns that support the king After moving to the afterlife.

The most prominent Egyptian pharaonic monuments in general

  • Luxor temple.
  • The Step Pyramid of Djoser.
  • Valley of the Kings.
  • Palermo stone.
  • Turbine papyrus.
  • Karnak Temple.
  • Abu Simbel Temple.
  • The Pyramid of Senefru.
  • The Sphinx of Queen Hatshepsut.
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