Archeology in Palestine

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Archeology in Palestine

Palestine has a geographical location that has made it a vital theater of civilizations throughout the ages, so Palestine is considered one of the richest countries in the world with archeology. It is one of the most important tourist attractions in the world due to its religious and historical importance, as it lived in Palestine more than 22 civilizations, the most important of which was the Canaanite civilization; where what Palestine still preserves the Canaanite ruins to this day.

The most important archaeological sites in Palestine

Al-Aqsa Mosque

Al-Aqsa Mosque is located in the city of Jerusalem and is the first of the two kisses, and one of the three mosques that travel only to it, built by the Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik bin Marwan, and it is one of the most prominent Islamic architectural landmarks in the world, where the Prophet Muhammad – may God bless him and grant him peace – came to heaven On the journey of Isra and Mi’raj, and from here on he acquired his sacred position among Muslims.

Hisham’s Palace in Jericho

The Umayyad caliphs cared about the construction of palaces, as restrooms they resided on during hunting trips, and the Umayyad caliph Hisham bin Abdul Malik built Hisham’s palace, which is located five kilometers north of the city of Jericho and in the middle of a desert region. Hisham’s palace is considered one of the greatest Islamic palaces built by the Umayyads .

Tomb of the Patriarchs

The Ibrahimi Mosque is located in the city of Hebron, and this name was named after the Prophet of God Ibrahim – may peace be upon him – in which he was buried, and the Ibrahimi Mosque comes second after the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the most important Islamic teacher in Palestine, and the mosque has gained its importance among Muslims because of the graves of the prophets Ibrahim, And Isaac, Jacob, and in 1994 the Jewish settler Baruch Goldstein, with the permission of the Israeli forces, committed a massacre against the Muslims who were praying Fajr prayer, killing 29 Palestinians, and wounded more than 150 others, and later Israel divided the mosque to be considered a part of it as a Jewish synagogue.

The most important civilizations in Palestine

Netopian civilization
The Natufian civilization was named by this name in relation to the Valley of Natuf, west of Jerusalem, and the Netoufian civilization is considered the first civilization by which man reached development and upgrading, through which the economic and social transformations in Palestine reached their summit, and the population moved from the hunting and gathering food stage to the stage of agriculture, so that the Natophone is considered the first From March farming.

Canaanite civilization
The Canaanites belonged to the family of the Semitic peoples who settled in southern Syria and Palestine, and the Canaanites spoke Canaanite, which is a Semitic language similar to the language of the Northwest Semitic (Amorites), and the ivory pieces that were found near the Megiddo Palace are among the most important traces discovered You return to the Canaanite civilization in this region.


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