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Arsal is a town located in the Lebanese Republic, and it belongs to the governorate of Baalbek Hermel from the administrative point of view, it is located on the eastern Lebanese mountain range and it shares with the Syrian Republic a border line with a length of 50 km, with an area of ​​approximately 316.94 km2, and it is also classified as a relatively isolated Lebanese town From the Baalbek district, about 38 km, and from the Bekaa Governorate, the Zahle region, about 75 km, and away from the Lebanese capital, Beirut, about 122 km, and the most prominent characteristic of it is the local carpet industry.

Geography and Climate

The town of Arsal is one of the high-rise areas, where the height of the town from the sea level ranges between 1400 – 2000 meters, most of its areas are predominantly rocky, so its soil is limited to two colors, the earthy color that tends to white, and the brown color represented by the rock cover As for its climate, it is characterized by a desert climate, where it is dry and hot in the summer, and cold in the winter and abundant rains, bordered on the north by both the fruit towns and Ras Baalbek, and on the south side by the town of Yunin and the town of Nahle, and on the eastern side by the Syrian-Lebanese border, and from the eastern side The western side is aggregate Several towns, including the lioness and event drawing.

The label and population

The name Arsal consists of two syllables from the origin of the Aramaic words: the word (wedding), which means the throne, and the second word is (L), which means the Lord, so it becomes in the sense of “the throne of the Lord”. The sea, compared to the rest of the neighboring villages, while in terms of population, the number of the population is approximately 35 thousand people, according to estimates for the year 2010, most of them are Sunni Muslims. The town is divided into several neighborhoods, each neighborhood is named after one of the large families in the town, and the number of families in it About 40 of the most prominent of these families are: Al-Faliti, Karnabi, and Al-Hujairi Zarazir, Al-Awda, Al-Atrash and Al-Buraidi, in addition to the Rayid family and the Al-Amoun family.


There are three main sources in the town that the people of Arsan depend on for their livelihood: trade, agriculture, and crushers, and they are the main source for most of the region’s residents, with 60% of the population working in the town, and about 10% of them work in public and private jobs. And about 8% in crafts and other different professions, and the unemployment rate is about 20%, as it is famous for carpet making, and the smuggling of goods to and from Syria revitalizes the region in terms of development and trade.

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