Arwad Island in Syria

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Arwad Island

The pearl of the Mediterranean is called a small rocky Syrian island, located 5 kilometers from the beach of the coastal city of Tartus, which was 4000 years from now a kingdom of power and influence from which the Phoenicians launched to establish their ancient civilization, and is characterized by its military fortification character, where Islamic castles The Crusader and the remains of the giant fence, and the craft of its inhabitants is the manufacture of boats, shell crafts, in addition to the fishing profession.

The population of the island is 10,000, distributed over a third of the island’s 25 hectares. It is the only inhabited Syrian island. The population of the island is divided into two parts: the population of the tribal side, and the residents of the northern side, and where each section speaks a dialect that differs from the other, although it separates them only Tens of meters.

Arwad climate and geography

The climate of the island is Mediterranean, maritime, winter, autumn and spring rain, with an average rate of 800 meters, while the average temperatures range between 27 degrees Celsius and 7 degrees. The humidity is high, reaching 90% in summer and 60% in winter. There are multiple destinations from which the wind blows, and each has a local designation as follows:

  • The obligatory: From the southwest.
  • Al Shlouq: From the southeast.
  • Underwater: from the north.

As for the geography of the island, its structure is rocky, consisting of modern clay deposits from the fourth geological period, which covers sandy rocks known as Al-Ramla stone, and return to the Pleiocene era from the third era, followed by layers of marin, clay and limestone from the second era Cretaceous, while the surface fresh water is absent. The springs, as the population relies on rainwater in the first place, and on fresh water drained from the sea floor in the form of springs known as fawarat, which are the oldest marine springs known to man, and the water was taken from them by a funnel of bell-like lead connected by a gel tube J.

Arwad in history

The island of Arwad was mentioned in the letters of Tel el-Amarna in the name of Arados, and in the Phoenician documents in the name of Arfad, meaning the shelter. The island was surrounded by cities called the daughters of Arwad, in the second half of the third millennium, which was occupied by Sargon I, the founder of the Akkadian state, and in the Battle of Kadesh was in the ranks of the Hittites against the Egyptians, While it came under the control of the Assyrian kings, then it became part of the Achaemenid Persian Empire, and then fell in front of the conquest of Alexander the Macedonian, and thus the Seleucids punished them, for the Romans, the Byzantines, the Crusader Franks, the Ottomans until the signing of the Sykes-Picot Treaty and subjected to the French occupation in 191 7 AD until today it became part of the Syrian Arab Republic.


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