Baalbek monuments

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The city of Baalbek

The Lebanese city of Baalbek is located in the northern part of the Bekaa Valley, and it is considered the administrative center of the Baalbek Governorate, and it is one of the Lebanese cities rich in green lands and fertility of its lands due to the crossing of the Litani River in it and consequently abundant agricultural crops. The eastern and western mountain ranges border it from the eastern and western sides, and its height above the sea level reaches about 1163 m, and it is separated between it and the Lebanese capital Beirut, an estimated distance of 83 km. The name Baalbek belongs to that ancient name mentioned in the heavenly book the Torah under the name “ Baalbak ”, and the attribution of the name is due to the noble origins, as the word Baal refers to the meaning of a male or a master, but the word bug is a reference to the Bekaa, meaning that the combined meaning is the god of the Bekaa Valley, and the city of Baalbek is known as the city of the sun, the city of Baalbek is affected by the climate of the Mediterranean It is considered the closest to the vaccine , Very hot summers shall be accompanied by drought, but relatively cold winters shall be witnessing fallen to Theljia sometimes, recorded rainfall is estimated at about Htoula 593 mm per year.

Tourism in Baalbek

The city of Baalbek is considered one of the Lebanese cities that attract tourism, due to the Roman ruins it bears witness to its heritage. It also hosts a number of international festivals and a large number of Arab and foreign artists on its soil annually, so the city plays an important role in stimulating tourism in the eastern part of the country. .

Baalbek monuments

One of the most important monuments of the city of Baalbek :

  • The temples, it is noteworthy that the city of Baalbek is a hotbed of huge Roman temples, as the Romans established a number of temples for their three gods: Jupiter, Venus, and Mercury, but they were destroyed in the sixth century AD by an earthquake, and some of its remains remain to this day.
  • The pregnant woman’s rock, which is a rock that reaches a length of more than 21 meters, and weighs approximately one thousand tons, and it is a rock from which parts were cut to build a temple two thousand years ago.
  • The shrine of Sayyidah Khawlah bint Al-Imam Al-Hussein, to which tourists flock frequently to see alongside Umm Ayyad Mosque.
  • The domes of Amjad and Doris: These two domes are remnants of the two universities that were built from the stones used to build temples in the city, and these two domes open the horizon for visitors to see a train station dating back to the thirties during the French mandate over the country.
  • Palmyra Hotel, dating back more than one hundred and twenty years, is distinguished for its privileged location overlooking Al-Athar Street.

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