| |


The Crimean peninsula was famous for the Crimean wars that took place in the nineteenth century, and its capital is Simferopol which is today one of its most important cities, and its ancient capital is the city of Bakhsh Saray that was under the control and rule of the Tatars, and its land area is twenty-six thousand square kilometers, and the peninsula is formed From big cities and small cities.

Crimean economy

The economy of the Crimea flourishes in several areas, the most important of which are:

  • The industrial sector that manufactures food, chemical, metallurgical, and mechanical industries, and fuel industries.
  • The agricultural sector is represented by growing grains, wheat, barley, oats, beets, and some fruits and vegetables.
  • Domestication of cattle represented by sheep, cows and poultry.
  • Production of salt, limestone, iron stone and porphyry.
  • Possessing a diversity of natural resources such as lead, petroleum, copper, coal, iron, natural gas, and magnesium.

The location of Crimea and its climate

The Crimea is located geographically in the north of the Black Sea, and is characterized by that it is connected to any continental land only by a very narrow strip on the north, surrounded by the waters of the Black Sea on the west and south, and surrounded by the waters of the Sea of ​​Azov on the east, and its climate is characterized by It is a temperate continental climate with the exception of the island’s southern coast, which has a humid subtropical climate.

Crimean terrain

Crimea has many surface features:

  • Plain flatlands.
  • Ports.
  • Lakes located in its western and northern coasts.
  • The mountainous heights of the Guarawarman Kush Mountains, whose heights reach more than one thousand five hundred meters above the ground.
  • Coastal coast.

The division of the Crimean geographic

The Crimea is divided into three geographical regions:

  • Steppe zone.
  • South Coast area.
  • Mountain area.


The population of the Crimea reached 1.994,300 people, according to statistics from 2005 AD, and the ethnic community consists of Russians, Tatars, Ukrainians, Crimean Tatars, Armenians, Jews, Belarusians, Greeks and others of various nationalities such as: Roma, Bulgars, and Koreans , Black Sea Germans, Italians, and the population speaks the Ukrainian language which is the official language on the peninsula, and the Russian language, Tatar language and Ukrainian language are the mother tongues of the composition of the population.

The most important landmarks of Crimea

The most important monuments and historical monuments in the Crimea:

  • Palaces, for example: Doyabar Palace located in Kuryaz, Vorontsov Palace, Swallow Nest Castle, and Bakhshi Saray Palace.
  • Churches, for example: the Catholic Church located in Yalta, and the Vladimir Cathedral Church.
  • Tomb of Russian artist and poet Maximilian Voloshin.
  • Khan Garden and Mosque, located in Pakchisaray.

How was the Egyptian pyramids built?

The islands of Korea, Moriah


Leave a Comment