The Dead Sea is considered one of the most beautiful and beautiful water bodies in all parts of the earth, and it is famous for the waters being so salty that it does not live in its waters any types of fish or aquatic animals of various forms, and from the intensity of its salinity it is possible that the human body floats on it without drowning, and it is one of the surfaces Small size water, as it is 417 meters below sea level, and accordingly the Dead Sea is the lowest area on Earth.
The Dead Sea is also known by various names such as “the sea of death” or “the sea of salt”. It is located on the eastern side of Jordan and on the western side of the West Bank and Israel, specifically in the Syriac African Rift, which is about 4000 miles long, and its salinity level is approximately 34.2 %, And based on the intensity of its salinity it is one of the most salty water bodies in the whole world, and along the Dead Sea one can see the lowest exposed point of the dry land, and the reason for its emergence is due to the increased rate of evaporation of water over time.
Historical features of the Dead Sea region
The historical difference differed regarding the discovery of the Dead Sea, some of which confirm that the first discovered by Herod the Great, the Roman king of Judea, who was known for his various architectural achievements in the period between 73-4 BC, and some of them said that Cleopatra had visited the Dead Sea region, as some events from History in the Bible without mentioning the name of the Dead Sea expressly states that the Dead Sea was used as a major barrier by the army of the Ammonites and Moabites during their wars with Jehoshaphates in the years 873-849 BC, as the Dead Sea mentioned in several writings from history, such as those written by Aristotle The Dead Sea was used During the reign of the Egyptians, the Egyptians helped them to bleach Pharaoh by using the salty soil and the mud that the Dead Sea possessed.
The Dead Sea and Wadi Araba were flooded with sea water about 3.7 million years ago, and this was shown by multiple studies, as Lake Lisan arose in the higher area of it about 26,000 years ago, and this led to its distinguished by the wetter climate between the regions of the Middle East, as well as The salinity of the Dead Sea is a phenomenon that requires attention and in the old days, especially during the sixties. Salinity was more specifically in the lower sea depths due to the relatively higher temperatures. In subsequent periods, the decrease in the flow of water from the Jordan River gradually led to an increase in the water temperature In the The upper layers of the Dead Sea with an increase in the levels of salinity which resulted in the emergence of saline columns that extend to the top of the surface of the water, and become visible.
Tourist and therapeutic features of the Dead Sea region
The Dead Sea region is characterized by its attraction to visitors from all over the world, for tourism and treatment, because its water contains a high level of salinity, in addition to the mineral wealth that contains potassium metal, which is one of the important minerals that make up agricultural fertilizers, and this region contains many factories and tourist hotels And the spas that are widespread in it. It is worth noting that the Dead Sea mud contains many beneficial minerals, so it is possible to benefit from it by applying it to the body. Swimming in the Dead Sea also contributes to treating many diseases, including: diabetes, rheumatism, Psoriasis The minerals in the Dead Sea region are the same as those present within the human body in their natural form, so this facilitates the absorption of minerals from the water, and it is worth noting that salty sea water is not swallowed because this causes an enlarged throat which leads to various cases of suffocation.
Characteristics of biological diversity in the Dead Sea region
Since the level of salinity in the waters of the Dead Sea is characterized by its height, it is not possible to find marine organisms there, but it contains some types of different bacteria and fungi, and the microorganisms present in the Dead Sea are: Halobacterium vulcanis, Sudumans, and Donnella which belongs to algae, in addition to Some of the microscopic species that exist in this region. The mountain ranges surrounding the Dead Sea region on the eastern central side also contain animals such as foxes and rabbits. Scientists have discovered a hole at the bottom of the Dead Sea from which freshwater comes out between 1980 and 1992, and as a result. The percentage of salinity in this sea fluctuates, in addition to some parts of the Dead Sea turning red, due to the growth of red algae that resist fluctuating salt content.
Facts about the Dead Sea region
The Dead Sea is the main tributary of the Jordan River in addition to some of the various small currents. It contains the Lisan Peninsula, which is one of the well-known geological features. Parts of the sea are salty, and it is worth noting that the Dead Sea is exposed to a high rate of evaporation in all parts of the year due to the dry climate and high temperatures in this region, which leads to a high level of intense salinity in it, and scientists have mentioned that 340 grams of salt per liter Sufficient water To make the inner human feeling mix between bitter and salty taste.