Definition of archeology

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Definition of archeology

It is the science that is interested in studying what human remains have left from material remains, as it begins by studying the tools that a person has made from ancient times to the present age. It is called the science of the Adiyat, according to the Ada tribe. It is also considered an accurate scientific study of the remnants of past human civilizations, through which it examines the lives and way of life of ancient peoples; and these wastes include many buildings, art pieces, pottery, bones, buildings, tombs, and tools.

What archeology does from various studies contributes to drawing a picture of the life features of ancient societies, for example when discovering stone tools or charred grain seeds, this reflects the types of food used in the past, and so on. The person interested in this field is known as the archaeological researcher, which is the only means and way to reveal the assets of these peoples, and it is considered an important source in providing us with the correct information about ancient societies.

The importance of archeology

The importance of archeology stems from the consolidation and linking of the relationship between the present and the future. The human being does not live in the present separately from his past, but rather complements it in order to formulate a new life for him and for future generations. Many people of different nationalities and types are rushing to visit the archaeological sites for the great vision of design and construction, and the creative ideas of the previous people, which in turn leads to providing job opportunities for many unemployed youth. In addition, the importance of antiquities and their protection against the causes of preserving the nation’s heritage and protecting it from theft and loss.

Types of archaeological evidence

  • Transferred finds: Which man made, which moves from one place to another without being subject to change, and includes stone tools, utensils, and decorations such as beads, and clay tablets.
  • Fixed finds: Examples of homes, cemeteries, irrigation canals, and potholes, which were made by humans but which remained fixed in their place.
  • Natural finds: Which is found in nature alone without human intervention, such as animal bones and plant seeds.
  • historical location.

The genesis of archeology

Archeology originated in the United States of America as a secondary field of anthropology, given that the results of the other branches of anthropology supplement the results of archeology. This science constitutes an overview of understanding human culture through its material, which remains preserved for some consideration of its history. For example, in Britain, long-lost manuscripts dating back to the medieval period were discovered, as well as in New York City, America. In the black cemetery.


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