Definition of Ghamadan Palace

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Ghamadan Palace

The site of Ghamadan Palace was in the Yemeni capital, Sana’a, and the palace was considered one of the oldest big palaces in the world, and according to the anecdotal accounts it is one of the wonders and masterpieces of architecture around the world. The palace consisted of twenty floors, and between the floor and the distance ten arms, while the palace was made of bouvir And granite and alabaster, and was designated for the establishment of the king, as well as being the seat of administration and affairs of the country, and the highest floors were the seat of the king, and about its height was said to be 360 ​​meters, that is, it exceeds the height of the Eiffel Tower, in the French capital Paris.

Ghamadan Palace site

There are no fixed accounts about the location of the palace, as some historians believe that the palace site is in the Al Qarah Palace facility currently located in the antique city of Sana’a, while others report that the Great Mosque in Sanaa is built on the ruins of the palace, and that the doors of the Great Mosque are the same as those of the Ghamadan Palace, Above it are inscriptions in calligraphy.

History of Ghamadan Palace

Not only did the history writers differ on the location of the palace, but the matter went beyond specifying the name of the palace builder, so some of them mention that whoever built it is the Sabaean king Eli Sharh, who praises, while the other section speculates that Sam bin Noah was the one who built it, and the story about it is told, Sam bin Noah visited the land of Yemen and was greatly admired in it, and found a good and pleasant dwelling in it, so he thought about settling in it, and after that he built the palace in a location that God inspired him, while the third narration about that says that Arab bin Qahtan is one of the foundations of the palace, As continued construction after him Wael bin Hamir bin Saba bin Arab, and this narration was adopted by Ibn Hisham and Ibn Katheer.

It is mentioned that the earliest mention of the Qamadan Palace came in the inscriptions belonging to the reign of the King of Sheba Uttar in the year 220 AD, and besides the mention of the palace there was a mention of another palace which is Salihin in Marib, and there is another inscription during the reign of King Eli Sharh Hadhb, in the mid-century The third century AD, while the British Encyclopedia indicates that there are inscriptions found in some of the broken stones, dating back to the first century AD.

The disappearance of Ghamadan Palace

The sources of Yemeni studies say that the destruction of the Ghamadan Palace came over several periods, as it was subjected to a fire during the Ethiopian invasion of Yemen during the year 525 AD, and a portion of it was demolished during the time of the Prophet Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, then some fell as a result of some crumbling without remaining of it Any trace, during the reign of Caliph Othman bin Affan, may God be pleased with him.

As for the accounts of some Muslim historians, it was said that the Ghamadan Palace was demolished by order of the Caliph Othman bin Affan, and among the oddities that were circulated about that was the finding of a piece of wood in the palace written on it in Himyariya (when Ghamdan delivered Haddim was killed), and when Othman bin Affan was destroyed, he was killed, and that According to what was stated in these accounts.

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