Definition of the Berlin Wall

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Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall is a wall that was built almost thirty years ago in Germany, where the Berlin Wall divided the German capital Berlin into two parts, Communist East Berlin, and West Berlin Democratic. The wall was built after Germany split from its allies at the end of World War II, and after The Berlin Wall was erected by many because of this separation, as some people were forced to leave their jobs or relatives, as many families were separated, so part of them lived in East Berlin and others in West Berlin.

Building the Berlin Wall

The Berlin Wall was built in 1961 by the government of the GDR, and the primary purpose of building the wall was to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the western side of Germany, and until 1961 there were more than 2.5 million people who had fled to the western side of Germany.

On the night of 12-13 August 1961 AD, Soviet Prime Minister Nikita Khrushchev ordered the East Germans to place a barbed wire barrier that intersected with Berlin, in order to prevent people from crossing to the west. On August 13, East Germany preferred to replace the barbed wire with a wall made of concrete, as well as The wall was reinforced on the eastern side of Germany with electric fencing and machine guns.

The Berlin Wall was demolished

The fall of the Berlin Wall began on November 9, 1989 AD, as it was because of the Cold War in Germany that the Communist Party leader in the eastern part of Germany was forced to improve the relationship with the German West regions, and as a result of pressure on the president he announced that citizens on both sides of East and West Germany could move freely through The border between the two slits at any time, after this announcement, a large number of citizens gathered on the two sides carrying with them hammers and other tools to demolish the wall, and the wall was demolished by the people and there are pieces preserved of it in homes and museums, and after a month of this process citizens became free to move around without JH visas, and the demolition of the Berlin Wall is considered the first step for the unification of Germany, and the actual demolition of the wall began in June 1990 ended with 13 in 1992.

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