The Arab Republic of Egypt is one of the most important and ancient countries in the Arab world and globally. It has gained this importance from its unique location. It is located in the northeastern corner of the African continent, and thus it overlooks two of the most important water bodies on the face of the globe, namely: the Mediterranean and the sea Al-Ahmar, apart from its presence near many countries and regions of historical and religious importance.
The Egyptian lands contain countless archaeological treasures, due to the fact that Egypt is located on the Great Nile River, and this is what made civilizations and nations settle around in order to take advantage of its tremendous bounties. Egypt is called the “gift of the Nile”, highlighting the role that the Nile River has played Throughout ancient Egyptian history.
The most important monuments in Egypt
Among the most important places in Egypt and the most important monuments:
- Giza Pyramids: The Egyptian pyramids are considered a sign that distinguishes this country from the rest of the countries, and the pyramids are among the most famous monuments that date back to the Pharaonic era. .
- Sphinx: This statue is located in Giza, near the three pyramids. The Sphinx is composed of two parts: the human head and the lion’s body. The main material from which it was carved is limestone.
- Salah al-den al-ayobi’s castle: This castle is known as the castle of the mountain, and the great Muslim leader Salahuddin Al-Ayyubi began building it, but it ended and was completed in the year one thousand, one hundred and eighty-three AD, meaning after his death – may God have mercy on him – and what gave this castle all this importance was that it witnessed many Important events, as well as its distinctive construction.
- Luxor city: This city is located on the banks of the Nile, as it contains a large number of important monuments and landmarks, including the Temple of Karnak, the Mummification Museum, the Luxor Museum, the Valley of the Kings, the Western Righteousness, the Temple of Hatshepsut, and also contains a large number of important and important mosques and churches.
- Romen Theater: This theater is located in the city of Alexandria, where it is considered one of the monuments dating back to the Romen era, and its construction dates back to the early fourth century AD.
- Al-Moez Street for the Fatimid Religion: This street is considered as an incubator for Islamic heritage in Egypt, as it is located in the Fatimid Cairo region, and it is one of the largest open museums in the whole world. Madrasa al-Ashrafiyya, the Mahb al-Din Abu al-Tayyib hall, and other important landmarks.