Empty Quarter

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Empty Quarter

The Empty Quarter is the second largest desert in the world, and occupies the southeastern third of the Arabian Peninsula, and is divided between four countries: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, and the United Arab Emirates, and the largest part of it is within Saudi territory, with an area of ​​more than 600 thousand square kilometers Its length extends to a thousand kilometers, and its width extends to five hundred kilometers, and rises in the empty quarter as sand dunes with a height of three hundred meters, and it moves continuously, which makes it devoid of fixed features. Bertram Thomas is the first western traveler to make a documented trip to the Empty Quarter in the world, in 1931 AD, and John Philby followed him on a similar trip in 1932.

In spite of the harsh natural environment and free from human activities, it abounds with very large riches of oil, natural gas, radioactive minerals, glass sands and solar energy, as it is no longer empty as the name indicates, where the centers and stations of the National Oil Company are spread, and planes roam its sky And cars on his land in search of his mineral savings. A number of archaeologists believe that a folk civilization has returned from ancient time buried under the sands of the Empty Quarter, although no one has discovered it.

Climate of the Empty Quarter

The Empty Quarter prevails in the continental climate, very hot in summer and cold in winter, while rain is rare. Sandstorms blow throughout the year, the maximum summer temperatures range from 40 to 50 degrees Celsius, and sometimes up to 60 degrees, while the smallest winters reach from minus 7 degrees.

Life in the Empty Quarter

The desert can be considered the region with the most difficult climatic conditions in the world, but like every other place there is life around it, where some animals live in the empty quarter, such as: grabs, rabbits, and migratory birds such as squid, caraway, lunar and income, and reptiles such as lizards and snakes, which are Protected against fishing in accordance with the law of states. Some shrubs and herbs grow in the empty quarter, especially in the spring season, and we may find a large store of water under its sand, as it drains into the valleys of Najd and some of the valleys of Asir, Yemen and Oman.

Oil in the Empty Quarter

The Empty Quarter is one of the most oil-rich regions in the world, as it contains a huge oil reserve that was discovered under the sand. The Shaybah field in the middle of the Empty Quarter is the main site for the production of light Arab oil in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as well as the Aghwar field which is the largest oil field in the world , As it extends southward to the northern regions of the Empty Quarter.


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