History of the construction of the pyramids

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History of the construction of the pyramids

The main reason for building the pyramids is the burial of the kings of the pharaohs in it. Therefore, they are linked in Egyptian myths with the world of the dead, knowing that the number of pyramids in Egypt is about 138 pyramids, the largest of which is Khufu (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world), and it is believed that the Pyramid of Djoser is the oldest pyramids in Egypt, as its construction dates back to the 27th century BC.

How to build pyramids

In building the pyramids, the Pharaohs needed many workforces, as approximately 2000-3000 men participated in the construction of the pyramid of Khufu during a long period of up to 23 years, and it is worth noting that the pyramids were built of limestone as a basis for them in the land, while they used Basalt stone and granite in building the tops of the pyramids, which were sometimes painted with gold, and they used various tools, such as: copper chisels, and granite hammers to cut stones, and transport them to the place of building the pyramids by a lubricated pillar, and this is what the sculptures in one of the graves indicated The Old exclusivity; as these sculptures show 173 men dragged stones by greasy pillar, and the large stones, it was brought to its place in the pyramid by brick stairs, where they are covered with wax; to facilitate the process of dragging them to the top.

The way the pyramids were built secretly, it was not announced until a wall painting was discovered in the tomb of Djehutihotep, where the mural shows a man pouring water in front of the latch on the sand, and this explains the method used by the heavy Egyptian to use the stone In the construction of the pyramids, where they sprayed sand with water, so that the stones on the latch are easy to transport and drag.

The most important Egyptian pyramids

Here is a list of the most important Egyptian pyramids:

  • Giza Pyramids: The three pyramids of Giza were built roughly between the years 2575-2465 B.C. during the reign of the Fourth Dynasty, and these pyramids are:
    • The Great Pyramid of Khufu, which is the oldest and largest.
    • The Pyramid of Khafre, which is the middle pyramid.
    • The pyramid of Menkaure.
  • Step Pyramid of Djoser: This pyramid is located in the Saqqara region, and it belongs to the third ruling family. It is also part of a complex for the burial of King Djoser, in addition to that it is considered one of the oldest memorial buildings in the world.
  • The Red Pyramid: This pyramid, located in the Saqqara region of Pharaoh Sneferu (father of Khufu), was built and is considered the first true pyramid, in addition to that it occupies the second place among all the Egyptian pyramids in terms of the size of its base.
  • Meidum Pyramid: This pyramid is located on the edge of the desert, where it was built by order of the pharaoh’s father Khufu (Snefru), and it is considered the first of the Pharaohs’ attempts to build the pyramids, as it is the first pyramid that shows burial stones in the form of a bridge with beautiful, wonderful walls.

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