How to discover underground monuments

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archeology

It is a science specialized in the study of everything left by the ancient man. The actual history of the study of this science begins with the beginning of man’s making of his tools, and it is a scientific study of all the remnants of ancient human civilizations.
The main types of archaeological evidence are:

  • Manufactured cast, which is moved from one place to another.
  • Stable manufactured meet, which is impossible to move from its place.
  • Storks and natural materials.

Archaeological site or archaeological evidence

What is meant by an archaeological site, i.e. the area that contains the archaeological evidence, and to find a place that contains an archaeological guide, scientists use special techniques and means to collect archaeological evidence in a systematic and accurate collection, and they are recorded in special detailed records.

Steps to determine the archaeological site and the excavation of antiquities

Scientists take the following steps to excavate antiquities:

  • Determine the archaeological site: Sometimes these sites are above the surface of the earth, or beneath the surface, or in the depths of the seas submerged in water. Historical and ancient accounts, and some archeology is excavated by chance.
  • Archaeological area survey: These areas are found through a number of scientific approaches. As for surveying the area, it is done in traditional ways on foot in the process of searching for archaeological evidence, and prospectors use scientific methods to enable them to discover buried sites underground, such as aerial photography that shows differences in The growth of some plants from one region to another, and scientists also use certain reagents to uncover some tools buried a hundred and eighty centimeters deep.
  • Archaeological site survey: The area survey process is the first stage to study this site. The site is studied and notes are recorded accurately. Mapping of the place is done in a simple way after measuring the dimensions.
  • Carefully excavating the archaeological site, depending on the type of site, and the tools for excavating the archaeological site. The brushes and small excavators can be used, and at other times heavy machinery is used in the excavations.
  • The effects under the bodies of water: they are explored in many ways, based on this process of exploration on the science of terrestrial archeology, and those sites are determined by aerial photography of clear water bodies, and also by using (sonar survey), and this survey depends on sound waves, and is done It detects submerged substances in the depths of water, as metallic detectors are used by divers. These devices work to detect mineral substances, and archaeologists work inside decompression chambers under water during research and exploration in the depths.
  • Documentation of the archaeological evidence that was found, and in the process of documenting the archeology, the precise description of the archaeological site, and its depiction and classification according to type and location.

Cities under foot video

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