How to extract pharaonic monuments from the ground

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Pharaonic antiquities

Each country is distinguished by its effects that raise or reduce the percentage of tourism in it, and Egypt, the mother of the world, has many effects that attract tourists to it from all parts of the world, and these effects are the Pharaonic monuments; they are all that the Pharaonic civilization left for Egypt.

Pharaonic relics vary between huge buildings such as the pyramids, the figures that symbolize certain personalities in the history of the pharaohs, and the papers that contain some of the secrets of the pharaohs in the Pharaonic language, and perhaps the most surprising thing for scholars and tourists alike, is the process of embalming that was taking place on the dead, where they were They embalmed the bodies of their important figures and used to put food and drink along with the bodies, thinking that they would continue to live, eat and drink after death.

How to extract it from the ground

Most of the Pharaonic monuments are found in the underground, and under the pyramids, and here we will talk about the method used to extract these monuments from the underground.

Area survey

It is the first and basic step, as it relies on scientific methodological methods to know the sites of antiquities, such as the method of atmospheric images that show the differences in the growth of plants that scientists consider evidence of the presence of monuments, for example if the plants are long, scientists know that they have grown from the depth of the earth and is evidence of the presence of graves Or irrigation canals, while short plants are evidence of ancient roads or large buildings.

Site survey

This step comes after defining the area where the monuments are located. In this step, all the information about the site where there are monuments is collected, and all the information about the archaeological evidence is located on its surface, then a map of the site is drawn and the site is surveyed by one of the following methods:

  • Seismic survey: is the survey by seismic waves that are generated and observing the speed at which it travels, because its speed varies from medium to another.
  • Electrophoresis: It is a survey of a site by an electric current passing through the ground and observing the change of its resistance, which changes with the change in the medium through which the current passes.

The exploration process

Each archaeological site has a special method of excavation, and excavation is by searching for tools in the ground, and if any of the monuments is found, it is extracted with caution and with special tools, and from the tools used in the excavation of small and large tractors, pits, and brushes, and if the effects are very small, it is sifted Dirt to take it out.

The documentation process

After excavation and knowledge of the monuments in each of the areas that have been identified, provides a detailed description of the monuments obtained, documenting their type and the place where they were found, then all the monuments are transferred to the field laboratory to clean and record all the information related to it.

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