How was Petra built?

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Petra is located in the south of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, specifically in the governorate of Ma’an. It was chosen to be one of the seven new wonders of the world in the year two thousand and seven AD, and was listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in the year one thousand nine hundred and eighty five AD, and the city of Petra remained undiscovered during The period of Ottoman rule until it was discovered again in the year one thousand eight hundred and twelve AD by the Swiss orientalist Johann Barckhart.
Today, the city of Petra is considered a pure Jordanian symbol, and a tourist icon that attracts with its beauty and splendor tourists from all corners of the globe, so Petra is unable to see it from its accuracy, and its unique architecture, which it is impossible for a person to find an equal, whatever it is that he has left and traveled. Nabat to be its capital, and the Nabatean state is an ancient country that controlled large areas of the region’s lands.

Petra Building

The city of Petra is a city carved of rock, and it is a wonderful way to build an entire city of this size. They worked with simple and primitive tools.
The architectural style of the city of Petra was influenced by the Assyrian, Egyptian, and Greek architectural styles, as this is clearly and clearly demonstrated in the carved royal tombs and those built from cut stones. Successive, as they carved limestone and sand rocks in the form of statues, dwellings, and tombs, and in the construction work they used black basalt stones.
Besides, the Nabateans were able to employ the distinctive architectural arts in building arches of different sizes, and in building various buildings in this wonderful city, as they were able to design advanced water technologies, the Nabateans were pioneers in the design and implementation of irrigation systems, and the collection and exploitation of rain water, as they were able to build dams Water, and digging water channels with great distances, in other words, master the Nabataeans in the water in a way that may exceed some countries at the present time.

The monuments of Petra

Petra today contains many important and distinctive monuments, including the Siq which is the long corridor that leads to the city, and after the Siq comes the treasury; it is the most famous landmark of the pink city of Petra, where the Nabataeans chose their location accurately, and very carefully, and Petra also contains the monastery, And the theater, the court, the girl palace, the altar, and many other sites, and important landmarks.


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