Jordan is an Arab country located in the continent of Asia, and its system of government is monarchical, and it is characterized by its strategic location, as it mediates the Arab world and shares its borders with many countries, where Palestine borders it to the west, Syria to the north, Iraq to the east, and Saudi Arabia to the side The southeastern part, and the Gulf of Aqaba from the southwestern side, which is the only outlet for it on the sea. It also has natural borders that separate it from the rest of the countries of the region, such as the Jordan River that shares its borders with Palestine, and the Yarmouk River, which it shares with Syria, in addition to the presence of the highlands Mountain in it, such as: Ajloun Mountains.
Jordan is one of the most important tourist regions in the Arab world, given its historical and religious importance, its climate is moderate, and its geographical location was a major factor in the emergence of civilizations, and the establishment of archaeological sites in it, and in this article we will mention the most important archaeological areas in Jordan.
Jordan’s most prominent monuments
The establishment of the Roman amphitheater dates back to the Roman era, during the reign of Emperor Antonius Pius, where he built a celebration of the Roman Emperor Madrianus who came to Amman in the year 130 AD, with the aim of launching the road linking Basra to the Dead Sea, which passes from Amman, then the site was used for the meetings held by the Romans Later, he turned into a theater for concerts and theatrical performances.
The amphitheater is located at the foot of Jabal Al-Joufah, on the eastern side of the capital, Amman, and it is a large theater divided into forty-four rows, and can accommodate about 6000 people, where the amphitheater is characterized by the sound that comes from it reaches all the stands in the theater, and it also includes rooms used by artists To prepare themselves in preparation for their parties.
The rule of Petra was successive to many peoples, as the Edomites settled in the surrounding hills, and after that the region came under the rule of the Jews under the leadership of King Solomon for 200 years, after they defeated the Edomites, and then the region was subjected to the Babylonian invasion, where the families of the Jews who were in the area and were exiled to Iraq And the region came under the rule of the Nabataeans, who built it 400 BC, and took it as the capital of their civilization.
Petra was called the pink city, in relation to the colors of its twisted rocks, and the city is located in Ma’an among a group of towering mountains, as its location made it a safe trade route through which commercial caravans pass, and the city consists of: a market, a theater, a temple, a treasury, and reaches Its width is about 25 meters, and its height is about 39 meters. Petra was chosen as one of the seven new wonders of the world in 2007 AD, and UNESCO included it on its World Heritage List in 1985.
Wadi Rum or Wadi al-Qamar, which is named after the nature of its topography, is similar to the topography of the moon, and the site is considered a historical place, it contains more than 40,000 drawings engraved on its rocks, and dates back to the year 12000 BC, and it expresses some ancient transformers to express self.
Wadi Rum lived in many civilizations, such as Nabateans, Thamud, and many Arab tribes. The valley is located in the north of Aqaba, and it is characterized by the presence of high mountains in it, such as Mount Ram, which is considered one of the highest peaks in the Levant, as it is characterized by the color of its red sand. From the beginning of the nineties after filming Lawrence of Arabia in it, as well as after holding many celebrations and events in which thousands are keen to attend, in addition to attracting air balloon amateurs, so that many air trips are held.