Information about India

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Information about India

We will mention the following the most important key information about India:

  • Its official name is the Indian Republic.
  • Its capital is New Delhi.
  • Its official language is Hindi and English, in addition to twenty-two other languages ​​used in it.
  • Independence and became a republican state on the twenty-sixth of January in the year one thousand nine hundred and forty-seven.
  • Its system of government has a democratic and federal parliament.
  • Its president is Ram Nath Modi.
  • Its total area is 3,287,263 km.
  • Its coastline is 7000 km.
  • The highest peak is Kangchengonga, which is 8,586 m. The most prominent mountain ranges are the Himalayas and Karakoram mountain range.
  • It is located in South Asia, bordered by Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal and Pakistan, and shares maritime borders with the Maldives and Sri Lanka.
  • Its population reached 1,241,491,960 in a statistic conducted in 2011.
  • Its currency is Rs.
  • Its rivers are many, including the Ganga, the Yamuna River, and the Indus River.
  • Its flag is composed of three colors that express different things. White is a symbol of purity and serenity, yellow symbolizes sacrifice and courage, while green is a symbol of prosperity and fertility.

The importance of India

India is a constitutional state with twenty-nine states represented by six major regions, including the capital, New Delhi. India occupies the largest part of southern Asia, and is ranked second in terms of population after China.

The largest Indian city

India includes many cities that are characterized by population density and economic importance, and these cities include:

  • Jaipur: With a population of more than three million people, and occupies tenth place in India in terms of population density, which is the third part of the golden triangle in India with the city of Delhi, and the city of Agra.
  • Surat: A coastal city located in the state of Gujarat, which controls the country’s economy related to the food, diamond and textile industries, and has a population of four and a half million.
  • Pune: With a population of more than five million people, it is the second largest city in terms of area in India after the capital, Mumbai, and controls the auto industry, research, and manufacturing industries over the city’s economy.
  • Ahmedabad: A city inhabited by more than six million and three hundred thousand people, and includes the second oldest financial trading market in the world, and occupies the second position in the cotton industry, and is also the first Indian cities to enter the UNESCO World Heritage site.
  • Hyderabad: A vital city with a population of more than seven million seven hundred thousand people, and the proportion of the workforce in the services sector is ninety percent.
  • Bangalore: With a population of eight million five hundred thousand people, this city is located above the Deccan Plateau in southern India, which is the administrative headquarters of Karnataka, and is ranked second in terms of the speed of economic growth in India.
  • Chennai: This city won the title of best city in India after a vote in it, and it is one of the most attractive cities for tourists to India, with a population of more than eight million six hundred thousand people.
  • Kolkata: Its name was Calcutta and changed to Kolkata in the year 2011 AD, and it occupies the third rank in terms of production, and the third in terms of population in India with a population of more than fourteen million people.
  • New Delhi: Its official name is Delhi, the national capital region, and it ranks second in terms of its population of over sixteen million.
  • Mumbai: It is the most densely populated city in India, with a population of more than eighteen million, and inhabited by the largest and most famous of the richest of India.


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