Information about Jerash

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Jerash

It is a Jordanian city that is the largest city in Jerash Governorate, which is 48 km north of the Jordanian capital, and rises from the surface of the sea approximately 600 m and has a population of about 41500 thousand people, its founding dates back to the era of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BC, and was then called in Greek “Grassa,” the Semitic Arabs later called it Gersha or Gershaw, which means: “a place dense with trees.”

The city lived a golden period under Roman rule, as it is one of the best preserved Roman cities in the world until now, as it was buried with soil before it was excavated and preserved again, and Jerash consists of paved streets, columns, and high temples on the top of the hills, and also includes theaters The fields, baths and fountains are characterized by a special standard architecture that combines the Roman and Greek worlds.

The history of Jerash

Roman era

Grassa was subject to the rule of the Romans who occupied the Levant and found in it the Union of Ten Cities, which was known as the “Decapolis” cities, which are ten Roman cities erected by Commander Pompeii in 63 BC, to form together a federal economic and cultural union in northern Palestine, Jordan and southern Syria to confront the Nabateans And the city has turned into a prosperous commercial and cultural center, due to its location on the crossroads of caravans, to become the most important cities of the union during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, and the Romans entered the Christian religion in 350 AD to flourish in the building and construction of Christian churches and monasteries, and in 635 AD Armies entered To open the Islamic-led Sharhabeel bin good in the second reign of the Caliph city to regain its prosperity in the Umayyad period, and in AD 747 earthquakes destroyed large parts of the city.

Modern history

In the 1920s, Jerash prospered greatly as a result of the stability of the Palestinian refugees in it, and as a result of its location in one of the most important arteries of transportation in Jordan represented by Irbid and Amman, and its tourism position has grown due to the presence of important Roman ruins in it, as Jerash is located in the list of the best-loved cities to visit In Jordan after Petra, where a festival called the Jerash Diaspora is held in the city in July every year, which is characterized by folkloric performances, ballet dances and poetry evenings performed by international teams from all over the world and concerts, in addition to handicrafts and traditional industries.

Jerash highlights

  • The way of the nymphs: It is a building that includes a group of water nymph fountains, and it was built in the late second century AD.
  • North Amphitheater.
  • South Gate (Philadelphia Gate).
  • Street of columns.
  • North Amphitheater.
  • Seminar Square.
  • Two pools of Jerash.
  • Al Hamidi Mosque.
  • Amawy mosque .
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