Table of Contents

Pharaonic civilization

The Pharaonic civilization is considered one of the oldest civilizations that have existed in the world. It was founded on the land of the Arab Republic of Egypt, which is located in the northeastern side of Africa, specifically around the waters of the Great Nile River, and was founded in 3150 BC, after King Mina unified Upper and Lower Egypt, and reached Its climax in the era of the modern state, and the Nile and the geographical location between three continents – the continent of Europe, Africa, and Asia – and safe natural borders, a temperate climate, and diverse mineral resources are among the most important factors in the establishment of this civilization.

Information about the ancient Egyptian monuments

Saqqara Pyramid

It is also called the Step Pyramid, and it is considered one of the oldest pyramids built in Egypt, and it is a pyramid belonging to King Djoser. The Great Trench, the pyramid, the Temple T, the surrounding wall, the Southern Cemetery, the North House and the South House, the southern courtyard, the Eid Sad Group, the funerary temple, the western hills, and the crypt.

Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is located on the southern side of the city of Aswan, in the belly of the mountain. It was built in 1250 BC by King Ramses II, and consists of two large temples carved in the rock, and is distinguished by its façade which consists of four large statues, and six statues within it.

The Pyramid of Senefru

The pyramid of Senefru was known by this name in relation to the Pharaonic king Senefru, who is considered the first king to construct a real pyramid in the town of Meidum with new technology, as it is known as the curved pyramid, and the pyramid consists of eight layers.

The bracelet of King Psusennes the First

It is considered one of the most wonderful bracelets found by King Psusennes the First, as it was distinguished by its distinctive style and shape engraved on the outside and inside, and the semi-precious stones that set it from the outside.

The Sphinx of Queen Hatshepsut

The Sphinx is distinguished by being sculpted in the style of the statues of the Middle Kingdom, which were discovered in Tanis, and by its beautiful features of Queen Hatshepsut, who ruled Egypt as a man.

Other Pharaonic monuments

  • The Sphinx of King Ramses II, constructed of limestone, to commemorate Ramses II in the shape of a Sphinx, but with a human head.
  • The tomb of Tutankhamun, also known by its scientific notation as the tomb of 62, is located on the west bank of the Nile, specifically in the Valley of the Kings.
  • The missing obelisk located in the city of Aswan, and dates back to the modern era of the rule of the Pharaohs, and is characterized by its huge size.
  • The air dome, which is located on the western side of the Nile, includes a group of ancient rock tombs known as the Tomb of the Princes.

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