Different civilizations successively governed the countries of the world, and this is from the ages of life, so each civilization had a clear beginning from its inception, and an end when no one belonged to it, and all we pointed to these civilizations are the effects that they left behind to indicate their existence in a era of life, and from These civilizations destroy Palmyra, which reached the height of its power during the reign of Queen Zenobia, for it was comparable to the Roman civilization in its power, and this kingdom was established in the Syrian Arab Republic and its capital was the city of Palmyra.
Palmyra is located in the Syrian Arab Republic, it is located to the north of the city of Damascus, and is an estimated distance of 215 kilometers, and the meaning of Palmyra is in the Aramaic “miracle” language.
The population of the city of Palmyra was divided into the priests, nobles and citizens (tribesmen), the Liberals, slaves, and foreigners (foreigners were entering Palmyra for trade); trade was very prosperous in it due to its distinguished location between the Euphrates and the Mediterranean, and the trade movement was very active Between the countries of the East and the West, and this is evident from their correspondence, as they were communicating with the countries of the East in the Aramaic language, and they corresponded with the West countries in the Latin language, and the historic Silk Road was passing through it, as it stretched from Mesopotamia to Africa and the island.
Damrir interest in agriculture and developed in terms of building dams to collect water and develop irrigation methods, as they dug wells to collect drinking water, and this is evident from the oasis in the city and all kinds of crops are grown.
Palmyra city specifications
The city of Palmyra was considered one of the most beautiful cities of that period and was characterized by the enormous development in construction. And other effects that indicated its strength and greatness.
The most important archaeological sites in Palmyra
- The temple of Baalshamin: Baalshamen is considered an ancient Phoenician deity, and the Greeks called it “Zeus.” This temple was built on top of another ancient temple.
- Baal Temple: The temple has maintained its state throughout the ages and times, and is located at the end of the straight street on the right side of it.
- The Temple of Nebo: The god Nebo was one of the most popular deities among the ancient Babylonians. He was considered a goddess of prediction and wisdom, and his construction was characterized by accuracy. His construction began at the end of the first century AD and continued until the beginning of the third century AD.
- Campidian, Cléantienne, Straight Street, Uyghur, and Senate.