Information about the effects of Bahrain

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the two seas

Bahrain is an Arab country, an island, located in the Arabian Gulf with its capital, Manama, and it is the smallest Arab country in terms of area, with an area of ​​about 765.3 km2 and bordered to the west by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as it is linked with an industrial bridge called the King Fahd Bridge, and bordered to the southeast by Qatar And from the north, Iran, and Bahrain gained independence from Britain in 1971, and its economy depends primarily on gas and oil, as they are one of the most important natural resources found in it, and Bahrain is a tourist destination for many visitors who turn to it to enjoy its picturesque nature and ancient historical effects. .

Bahrain Antiquities

The history of Bahrain is distinguished by its history and diversity, as it contains many of the effects of successive civilizations that inhabited it, and the most important effects:

Bahrain Fort

Known as the Bahrain Fort, or Castle of Portugal, the castle is one of the most important archaeological monuments located near the Bahraini capital, Manama, and its history dates back to the sixth century AD, and it is the capital of the Dilmun civilization, according to the Gilgamesh epic, and was included by UNESCO in the list of World Heritage in In the year 2005 AD.

Thursday Mosque

The mosque was named by this name in relation to the area in which it was built, and it is one of the historic mosques located in Tashan in Bahrain, and it is the oldest Islamic building in Bahrain, built during the era of Caliph Omar bin Abdul Aziz, and the mosque was built in the Islamic style, and this is evident through the columns, The arches, and the galleries formed of it, and its construction was based on limestone and wooden columns.

Barbar Temple

Barbar Temple is a Bahraini archaeological site, built 3000 years BC, in what is called the Bronze Age, and limestone was used in its construction, which is the largest religious temple of the Dilmun civilization, and the temple consists of a large square, a well well in addition to an altar and a number of rooms There are also two small temples under it, and a number of marble vases and bronze tools, such as seals, have been found there.

Arad Fort

The castle was built in the fifteenth century AD, and it is a defensive fortress, located on many waterways, so that in the past it was a water channel used by the residents to prevent enemy ships from advancing towards the island, it was built on the Islamic style, and the fort consists of : There are many angles, there is a cylindrical tower on each one, and a trench has been dug around to collect water in it.

Sovereign house

It is considered one of the most important archaeological houses in the Muharraq region, built by Ahmed bin Jassim Siyadi, and it is one of the most important pearl merchants in the Gulf region, as it is one of the largest wealthy people in Bahrain, and after his death the Ministry of Information transformed the house into an archaeological tourist site, and the house consists of a number of rooms They are distinguished by their Islamic decorative inscriptions.

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