Information about the Turkish city of Bursa

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Information about the Turkish city of Bursa

Bursa is one of Turkey’s largest cities, and the most important information related to it is as follows:

  • It is considered the first capital of the Ottoman Empire, and dates back to 4000 BC.
  • It is characterized by a distinct natural beauty, cultural heritage, and historical landmarks, and it contains many Jewish, Islamic and Christian monuments, and among the most important sites in it is “Lily”, which is considered the eight most important sites of the Christian pilgrimage in all of Turkey.
  • The city adheres to customs and traditions, and the changes in it remain based on respect for the traditions of society and law.
  • It has many trees planted on the lower slopes of Uludag Mountain, which is located to the south of Marmara, in addition to quiet parks.
  • Bursa is the main center of cars in Turkey, in addition to the textile and food industries, and it has many job opportunities in all sectors of the industry.
  • It is considered one of the most important tourist destinations for Arabs, which pushes the economy of Bursa positively, as the number of Arabs who buy land and houses in it is increasing, as they go to it frequently, and some choose permanent residence there.
  • It has many tourist attractions, the most important of which are the tombs of the Sultan Orhan and Othman, the Bursa City Museum, the Muradiye Mosque Complex, Hudavendegar Castle, Bursa Castle, and the central markets.
  • There is Kestel Fort located 12 kilometers east of the city, and this castle is considered the center of government in the Byzantine period.
  • It is famous for many examples of Ottoman architecture, such as “Yesil Turb”, the green tomb, which was named after the color of the tiles, and it includes the tomb of Sultan Mehmed I, the “Yesil Kamei”, the Green Mosque, and “Ulu Camii”, the Great Mosque, and was built by Sultan Bayezid I in The period of 1390, and contains two minarets and twenty dome.

Population

  • The population of the city of Bursa, according to the 2015 statistics, is about 2,340,000, while the population of the Bursa Governorate is about 2,842,000.
  • It has long been considered one of the main refugee centers, attracting refugees of various ethnicities from Anatolia to the Balkans, in the period of the loss of Ottoman lands in Europe at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century.

Stock market economy

Bursa has great economic importance:

  • It is considered one of the rare cities in the world in terms of enjoying the beautiful beauty, technology and industry, due to its strategic location on the ancient Silk Road, so it was since ancient times an important commercial city, as it is a historical city and the cradle of many civilizations and has many architectural qualities of the Ottoman, Byzantine and Republic eras.
  • Since the establishment of the Turkish Republic in 1923 AD, Bursa has become one of the most important industrial centers in Turkey, bearing in mind that during the Ottoman period it was a source of the vast majority of the royal silk production, and a number of public factories such as Merinous and many private industrial establishments were established in it.
  • The number of outlets has eight outlets, and the number of organized industrial zones amounts to 13 regions, and Bursa is considered a very effective force to support the Turkish economy, with its economic characteristics, as it contributes to the economy of Turkey and the region, and contributes to the flow of foreign currencies as a result of its exports, as well as It strengthens industrial infrastructure.
  • It has many leading sectors such as: machinery, metals, textiles, agriculture, furniture and food, and is considered a global center of attraction, due to the presence of manufacturing industries in it, as it contributes significantly to economic growth in Turkey.
  • It ranks sixth in Turkey in terms of economic and social development in Antalya, Istanbul, Izmir, Ankara and Kocaeli.

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