Cyprus island

The State of Cyprus is located on an island in the Mediterranean basin in northwestern Asia and southeastern Europe, where it was divided in 1974 by Turkish military intervention in two parts where the southern and middle part of the island was Greek majority and in the north with a Turkish majority, and the establishment of the Republic of Cyprus was announced Turkish in the Turkish part in 1983.

Naming and space

The island of Cyprus is considered the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea in terms of population and area after the two islands of Sicily and Sardinia, with an area of ​​about 9,250 km2, and its name is due to the presence of copper metal in its lands and its reputation for it, and the population of the island is divided into two sects according to the division The politician is a Greek and a Turkish community, and despite this division, the island’s residents are similar in their different way of life and customs. As for the language on the island, there are also two sects. The residents of the southern region speak the Greek language and the residents of the northern region speak the Turkish language.

History of Cyprus

Various peoples and tribes rolled over the island and inhabited it, where the Greeks settled in 1200 BC Before the advent of Christ, the Persians, the Romens, and Assyrians conquered the island. Saint Barnabas entered the Christian religion to the island, and in 330 AD the island became part of the Byzantine Empire, and Richard seized the island In the year 1191AD and sold it to the French, and in the seventies of the sixteenth century AD the Ottomans managed to open it and took control of it until 1878 AD, and when Britain came to the island it turned it into a colony affiliated with it in 1925 AD, and Britain declared a state of emergency in the island in 1955 When the Greek islanders wanted to unite with the state of Greece and wage a guerrilla war against Britain, the British response was that they exiled their leader Makarios to the Seychelles island in the Indian Ocean, and the island’s independence was announced in 1960 when the Turks and Greeks met in Switzerland and worked out an agreement that Britain agreed It was known as the Zurich Agreement, where a constitution was drafted that was jointly drafted by Britain, Greece and Turkey with the approval of the Turkish and Greek Cypriot leaders.

political parties

  • The Working People Party is a left-wing party.
  • The Democratic Party is a conservative party.
  • The Democratic Rally is a right-wing party.
  • The United Democrats is a liberal party.

Administrative divisions

  • Famagusta District.
  • Kyrenia District.
  • Larnaca District.
  • Limassol area.
  • Nevusia region.
  • Paphos District.

Economy of Cyprus

The Greek part of the Cyprus island is considered economically richer than the Turkish part and enjoys stability and security, as Cyprus was considered one of the best countries that joined the European Union in 2004 AD economically, and in terms of industry, Cyprus is known for its food, beverage, mineral and chemical products.

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