Istanbul in Turkey

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Geographical location

Istanbul is located in Turkey on latitude 41.01 and longitude 28.95, and rises 39 meters above sea level. Istanbul is located specifically on the Bosphorus waterway in the northwest of Turkey between the Black Sea and the Sea of ​​Marmara, and the commercial center of it is located in the continent of Europe, while the rest of the city is located in Asia.

Population

Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey, and the fifth largest city in the world in terms of population. The population in 2020 reached about 14,750,771 people, and it is considered a home to many ethnic and religious minorities in Turkey, and the population of the Kurdish community, which is the largest ethnic minority in it About three million people, in addition to Jews, Syriacs and Roma.

Economy

Istanbul is the largest port and industry center in Turkey. Examples of the industries in it are the following:

  • Textiles
  • Food processing
  • Tobacco
  • Glass and cement
  • Flour milling.

Tourist places

Blue Mosque

The Blue Mosque is located in the Sultanahmet area, and this mosque formed the huge project of the Sultan, and its exterior is characterized by curves, a series of domes, and six minarets, and its courtyard is the largest for all Ottoman mosques, and the mosque is decorated with interior tiles of blue Iznik, and the mosque attracts many visitors who enter it Only from the southern door, while the worshipers enter from the main door, and the mosque is closed during prayer times in front of visitors.

Topkapi Palace

The first stage of the palace was built by Muhammad Al-Fateh in 1453 AD, shortly after the conquest, and he lived there until his death in 1481 AD, and the palace is characterized by its ornate structure, in addition to the wings, kitchens, barracks, and sleeping places, and the palace also contains the decorated hall of the Imperial Council, And the external locker in which the Ottoman and European weapons and shields are displayed.

Aya Sofia

Hagia Sophia was designated as a church in 537 AD, then it was converted into a mosque by Muhammad Al-Fateh in 1453 AD, then Ataturk transformed it into a museum in 1953 AD, and it is distinguished by its creative architectural form, rich history, in addition to religious importance, and it contains a pulpit and mihrab, ornate library, outside The building has a bronze gate dating back to the second century BC.

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