The city of Petra – which dates back to the third century BC, specifically at the time of the Nabataeans – is located in the Jordanian town of Wadi Musa, where it represents an archaeological landmark that includes palaces, temples, tombs, warehouses and stables carved from sandstone. These monuments can be reached through A rocky slit called (Al-Saiq), which has a length of 1.2 km. The most important features of Petra, and their effects are the built-in treasury of columns, cavities, and Greek-style bases. There are also 40 graves distributed in a street called Al-Wajat Street, in addition to a theater consisting of 7 thousand seats. It should be noted that Petra is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Mount Castle, or the goddess of Ammon, is an archaeological site located on the top of a hill overlooking the city, and includes many Romen and Byzantine monuments, the most prominent of which are:
- Jordan Archaeological Museum: Where the museum includes many antiquities dating back to the Stone Age, and is divided into 4 museums, one of which includes a wax statue dating back to the early Neolithic period, and another exhibition where the Dead Sea Scrolls are preserved, among others.
- Umayyad Palace Complex: It is a complex that includes a courtyard, an ornate street, and several destroyed buildings, where a visitor can enter the complex dating back to the year 750 AD through a huge gate with a cross-shaped shape, and it has four convex terraces.
The archaeological fortress of Ajloun is located on the summit of Jabal Auf overlooking the Jordan Valley, and three valleys, 3 kilometers from the center of Ajloun city. This castle was built in 1188 AD by Ezz Al-Din Osama bin Munqeth as a defensive fortress of the Crusaders, and it contains 7 towers, A 15-meter trench, in addition to a small museum that contains some antiquities dating back to the centuries, such as pots, mosaics, and grenades.
The ancient city of Jerash
Jerash is 50 km from the Jordanian capital, Amman, to the north. It is an ancient city that is now considered ruins of the ancient Romen city of Graça, surrounded by mountains and green valleys, knowing that the city includes some distinctive landmarks, such as: the huge Hadrian Arch, the Temple of Artemis, and the Forum. The oval is surrounded by columns.
Umm Qais archaeological city is called (Jadara), and it represents an important archaeological site added to the UNESCO list of world heritage sites in 2001 AD, where the classic characteristic of the city, which is built of black basalt, and white limestone, overlooks that the tombs include. And a huge gate partially engraved, and other monuments.