Egypt or officially the Arab Republic of Egypt is a country located in the northeastern part of the continent of Africa, and has an extension in the Asian continent, where the Sinai Peninsula is located inside the continent of Asia, and the Republic is bordered on the northern side by the Mediterranean Sea with a coast of about 995 km, and borders on the eastern side The Red Sea has a coastline of approximately 1941 km. As for the northeastern side, it is bordered by some areas of the occupied State of Palestine, and bounded on the western side by the Libyan Republic.
Landmarks and monuments of Egypt
Egypt contains a group of monuments and monuments, the most important of which are the following:
Monuments in Aswan Governorate
- Abu Simbel Temple: It is an archaeological site that contains two huge temple rocks in southern Egypt on the west bank of Lake Nasser. It is about 290 km southwest of Aswan, and it is part of the UNESCO area of World Heritage sites known as “the effects of Nubia”.
- Philae Island: It is an island located in the middle of the Nile River, and it is considered one of the strongest forts along the Egyptian southern border, and its name is due to the Greek language which means beloved or grained, while its Arabic name Anas existence exists back to the legend of Anas found in the stories of one thousand and one nights, and is called Coptic Belak or Bellakh .
- High Dam : The Aswan High Dam or the High Dam is a water dam located on the Nile River in the southern side of the Republic of Egypt, established during the era of Gamal Abdel Nasser, and the dam largely controls the flow of the Nile water and reduces the effects of its flood, and is used to generate electricity in Egypt.
Monuments in the province of Assiut
The archaeological bridge of Al-Majzoub is considered one of the most important water installations in Assiut Governorate. It was established during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha, which is three eyes of the waterway, located in the southeastern side of the Majzoub Mosque.
Monuments in Alexandria Governorate
- Mast mast: The Pillar of the Sawari is one of the most famous monuments in Alexandria, where it was erected on the hill of Bab Sidra between the area of the current Muslim burial sites, known as the Burial Columns, and the Kom al-Shqafa archaeological plateau. Its length is estimated at about 27 m, and it was made of red granite stone.
- The leader Ibrahim Mosque: Among the most famous mosques that were built in Alexandria in the area of Raml Station, and the mosque is famous for its tall, graceful minaret, and its construction dates back to 1948 AD, designed by the Italian architect residing in Egypt Mario Rossi.
Monuments in Luxor Governorate
- Karnak Temple: The Karnak Temples Complex, famous for its Karnak Temple, is a group of temples, buildings, and columns, as expansion and construction continued from the Pharaonic era until the Roman in Luxor on the eastern coast of the Egyptian Republic.
- Temple of Ramses III: The funerary temple or temple of the city of Habu, is considered one of the greatest temples in Luxor, and was built by King Ramses III to establish his funeral rituals and to worship Amun.
- Deir el-Bahari: It is a group of pharaonic temples and cemeteries located in the West Bank of the Nile opposite the city of Luxor.