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It is one of the cities located in the northern part of the African continent, specifically in the country of Egypt, and it is called the bride of the Mediterranean Sea as it lies on its coast with a length of 70 km, and is located to the northwestern side of the Nile Delta, and is bordered by the southern corner Lake Mariout, and from the corner East of Abu Qir Bay, and from the western corner of Sidi Kreir. The country has a surface area of ​​2,679 sq km, and over 4.2 million people live on it.

the climate

The city is affected by a mild climate with the Mediterranean climate, where the summer is hot and dry, which extends from June to August, during which temperatures range from 25 degrees to 30 degrees Celsius, and the winter has moderate weather with intermittent winters, as the season begins during December , And extends until February, and temperatures range from 12 to 18 degrees Celsius.


  • The Royal Jewelry Museum: It is located in the Zizinia region, and its history dates back to 1919 on an area of ​​4185 square meters, and contains an important collection of jewelry of the ruling families that ruled Egypt.
  • The Greco-Romen Museum: Its opening dates back to 1892 by Khedive Abbas II, and contains a large collection of artifacts and antiquities dating back to the Ptolemaic and Romen eras.
  • Alexandria National Museum: It is located on Fouad Street in the heart of the city, and contains more than 1,800 pieces, and these pieces embody the history of the city during the Romen era through the modern era.
  • Al-Shatby archaeological tombs: their presence is limited between the Corniche road and Port Said Street, and the history of the discovery of their existence dates back to 1893 AD. These tombs were used by the tribes and kingdoms that inhabited the city during the second and third centuries BC.
  • The Eastern Port: It is one of the oldest ports in the White Sea, and is one of the trade sites in the country.
  • Romen theater: It is located in the heart of the city, specifically in Kom Al-Dikka, which is one of the archeological sites that were built by the Romens during their reign during the fourth century AD, and was discovered during the excavation process of Alexander the Great’s tomb by one of the Polish missions in 1960 AD.
  • Qaitbay Citadel: It is located in the marine area located in the western part of the city, and was built by Sultan Abu Al-Nasr Qaitbay in the year 882 AH, and the construction process continued for two years.
  • Pillar of masts: It is located on the hill of Bab Sidra near the tombs of the column, and the main reason for its construction is the commemoration of Emperor Diocletian, and now represents the highest memorial on the seven continents.

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