Landmarks of Medina

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Medina area

Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah region is classified within the Saudi administrative regions, and it is considered the third in the Kingdom in terms of area, as it reaches one hundred and fifty thousand square kilometers, and it occupies the fifth rank in terms of population, with a population of one million seven hundred and seventy seven thousand nine hundred and thirty-three people.

Prince Faisal bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz Al Saeed is in charge of its emirate, and it has great religious importance as it embraces sacred religious places, including the Noble Sanctuary, the Quba Mosque, the Qiblatan Mosque, and the Baqi Cemetery.

Madina El Monawara

Medina is considered the first capital in the era of the Islamic state, and the second place is Qudsiyah after Makkah Al-Mukarramah, and it is considered the center of the Madinah region that extends over the land of Hijaz to the western side of the Kingdom, and separates between Makkah and Madinah a distance extending to the north-east about four hundred kilometers, located east of the sea The red is separated by a distance of one hundred and fifty kilometers, and the port of Yanbu is considered the closest to the enlightened city, and it is located in relation to it to the south-western side, and is separated by an area of ​​up to two hundred and twenty kilometers, and the area of ​​the city extends to more than five hundred and Capacity and eighty square kilometers.

And resides in it about one million and three hundred thousand people, and embraces the religious monuments and monuments that reveal the date of its establishment, which dates back to more than one thousand five hundred years, and was called by the name of Yathrib in the past before the coming of Islam, and among the most prominent religious monuments in it are the three oldest mosques in which they are the Prophet’s Mosque and Quba and Qiblah And it is considered of religious significance, given that it is the destination of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace, in his prophetic migration, and he made all his honorable life in it.

the climate

The desert climate prevails in the enlightened city, as it lacks rain and suffers from drought, the highest temperatures during the summer season reach forty-five degrees Celsius, while the winter season witnesses a little rain, especially in the month of April, and the temperatures in this season range between ten degrees and five degrees Twenty degrees Celsius, and Medina is considered to have a low humidity of no more than 22%.

Landmarks of Medina

Prophet’s Mosque

The Holy Prophet’s Mosque comes second in the world in terms of sanctity, which is the Mosque of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace, and is considered the third of the mosques that the Messenger of God, peace and blessings of God be upon him, called to tighten the journeys to it, occupies a position in the center of Medina, takes a rectangular shape, and consists Of ten minarets, and embraces the features of religious sanctity, including the pulpit of the Messenger of God, peace be upon him, and the five-wall, green dome, kindergarten, and room.

Quba Mosque

This mosque is considered the first in the Islamic era, and it is separated between it and the Prophet’s Mosque, a distance of up to five kilometers, and takes a location for it in the southern side of the city of Medina, and this place was established on the blessing of the blessing of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, and the Messenger of God contributed to its construction during his migration To the city, and contains a well belonging to Abu Ayyub al-Ansari.

Al-Qiblatan Mosque

The mosque of the Qiblatayn occupies the southwestern side with respect to Bir Rumah, and it is one of its most important features. The mosque sits on a high plateau, separating it from the Prophet’s Mosque for a distance of up to five miles in the northwestern region, and it was called the Qiblatan Mosque, due to the performance of the Companions, may God be pleased with them, prayers One to two Qibla, where the Muslim kiss was Jerusalem, and the Sacred Mosque became the Qibla of the Muslims in the second year of migration based on a Quranic verse ordered to do so, and its area extends to three thousand nine hundred and twenty square meters.

Baqi

It was taken by the people of Medina in the era of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, a cemetery for their dead, and it is considered one of the closest places to the Prophet’s Mosque, and it occupies a site to the southeastern side of the wall of the Prophet’s Mosque, and its area extends to eighteen thousand square meters, and embraces the remains of the people of the city, among them The remains of the companions, may God be pleased with them.

Uhud Martyrs Cemetery

It is located near the top of Mount Uhud to the northern side of the Prophet’s Mosque, and separates them within a distance of five kilometers, and this name was called because of its embrace the bodies of the companions, may God be pleased with them, who died in the Battle of Uhud, including the master of martyrs Hamzah bin Abdul Muttalib, may God be pleased with him Uncle of the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace.

Mount Uhud

Away from the Prophet’s Mosque five kilometers to the north, and extends from the east and ends in the west, and takes the color red, dark green and black, and reaches a length of seven miles, with a width ranging between 2-3 miles.

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