It is known in the German language as (München), and it is ranked third among the major cities of Germany, and Munich is located in the southern part of Germany, and it is considered by some German citizens as another capital of Germany, so it is called the hidden capital.
Its geographical position in relation to the continent of Europe contributed to making it one of the economically prosperous European cities, which led to an increase in its local production continuously, especially since there are many companies with international brand names in it.
History of Munich
Historical sources suggest that the founding of the city dates back to the twelfth century AD, and was founded by the Bavarian Duke and the Henry Henry Wrap, and its area was very small, but due to the natural resources present in the city this contributed to a remarkable prosperity, and in 1314 AD King Ludwig IV lived in it, which became Kaiser to Germany later.
In 1506 AD it was announced that Munich was the official capital of Bavaria, and many political and religious movements emerged and faced a long war between the Catholic Church and Lutheran forces. This war ended in 1648 AD, and the city was able to rise again within a few years.
During World War I, Adolf Hitler ruled Germany, and in 1935 AD he declared that the city of Munich was the capital of the Nazi movement that he commanded, and many places in Munich were destroyed during World War II, but after the war the German people were able to rebuild and restore them. again.
Landmarks of Munich
There are many important historical monuments in the city of Munich, which refer to the human civilization that contributed to its construction during the past historical eras, and among the most important monuments in Munich:
They are historical places that linked architectural buildings and antique markets in Munich. Among these are:
- Maryam Square: It is an ancient square located in the middle of Munich. It contains the Munich City Hall and a group of other ancient buildings.
- Olympic stadium: It is a large squares designed to collect all the sports that were held annually in Munich.
There are many palaces in Munich, the most famous of which are:
- Nymphenburg Palace: It is one of the oldest palaces in Munich, which was used as a seat of the Bavarian government, and is considered one of the famous tourist places, which contains many distinctive gardens.
- Schleiss Heim Palace: It is one of the ancient royal palaces, which was used as the seat of the Governor of Bavaria during the summer.
Munich contains many important archaeological museums, including:
- Bavaria Museum: It is a museum that contains many artifacts dating back to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, as there are many artifacts, antiquities, and heritage.
- Munich Museum: It is a museum that contains many types of archaeological artifacts, and a group of annual exhibitions are held for display in front of tourists who visit the museum from different parts of the world.