The city of Essaouira
The Moroccan city of Essaouira is a city overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, and perhaps the most distinctive feature of it is that it has a long history, in addition to containing buildings of distinctive architectural character and unique, and it is noteworthy that this city has witnessed in recent times a great development in the tourism field in a large way, which Qualify it to be one of the Moroccan tourist cities, in this article we will mention some of the features of the city of Essaouira.
Landmarks of Essaouira
Also known as the Jewish Quarter, or the navigator of Essaouira, or the navigator of the merchants of the Sultan; its construction dates back to the reign of the Saadi Sultan Ahmed al-Mansur al-Dhahabi at the end of the 16th century AD, where the Sultan brought a selection of Jewish merchants to the city, with the aim of revitalizing the commercial port, and later specifically during the 17th century AD Sultan Al-Alawi Muhammad bin Abdullah, famous for Muhammad III, built Essaouira in a modern style with its wide streets, unlike the ancient cities in Morocco, where he built a new port, as well as a marine military base. Its neighboring villages.
It is a small island located near the city, and it is considered one of the most important Phoenician sites located in the western Mediterranean. Archaeological excavations carried out on the island have proven to contain archaeological remains in pottery and fossils, the oldest of which dates back to the second half of the seventh century B.C. Also, some pottery pieces dating back to the fourth century B.C. were found, which indicates the existence of commercial relations between the island and the rest of the Tangier cities of Mauritania in the old Maghreb. This island was famous for containing factories to extract the purple dye .
Place Moulay el Hassan
It is the most famous square in the city; perhaps the reason for this is due to its attractive location overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, in addition to its proximity to both the port and the beach, which makes it one of the most vital and active places in the city.
The economy of Essaouira
The economy of Essaouira depends on the following sectors:
- tourism: It is considered the first sector in the city, especially during the peak period in the summer, including both domestic and foreign tourism, as this city has a good and wide reputation among the cities of the Kingdom of Morocco, especially in the blessed month of Ramadan; the reason for this is due to its moderate climate, Also, trade in Essaouira is extremely important.
- Fishing: It is considered one of the oldest and oldest economic activities in the city, and this has been helped by the abundance of fish wealth, which contributed to attracting modern marine fishing companies on the one hand, as well as creating opportunities for traditional fishermen, and this city is famous for both sardines, as well as fish Mackerel, in addition to shrimps.