Sultanate of Oman
It was formerly known as Al Ghubayrah, which is one of the Arab Gulf states; Oman is located in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula region in western Asia; and it occupies the third rank on the level of the Arabian Peninsula in terms of area, and the second in the world, as its area extends to more than 309,500 km2 And, the 2016 census statistics indicate that the population of Oman has exceeded approximately 4,297,790 people.
Oman shares external borders with a number of countries. It is bordered by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from the northern side, and Yemen from the western side. As for its borders with the Arab Emirates, it comes from the northeastern side, and it connects borders freely with each of Yemen, Iran, Pakistan, and the Emirates, where it supervises On the Arabian Sea on the southern side, and on the northeastern side on the Sea of Oman.
Politically, the Sultanate is subject to a hereditary sultanate system of government; it is currently chaired by Sultan Qaboos bin Said bin Taymur Al Said; the longest rule of rule in the Middle East is considered by those who are alive, and the provisions of the Omani constitution prohibit the creation of political parties; however, the right to vote is guaranteed to all Omani citizens upon reaching the age of twenty-one years; it is reported that the country enjoys political stability in general.
The economy of Oman
The Sultanate of Oman enjoys a relatively stable economy, as it ranks twenty-third globally in terms of oil reserves, and twenty-seventh in terms of gas reserves; thus the Sultanate’s economy ranks among the largest economies in the world.
Based on the foregoing, the Omani citizen has a decent living and a good standard of living, but the quantities of oil are limited, therefore the country’s future in this regard is uncertain, as the country’s economy depends on a number of other sectors such as agriculture, income and industry as well.
Landmarks of the State of Oman
The Sultanate of Oman is distinguished by the presence of many tourist attractions; what gives it the most advantage in the tourist advantage is its strategic location as a gateway between the eastern and western parts of the world; the presence of archaeological sites in it also contributed to attracting tourists to it from different parts of the world; and the most important features of Oman:
- The Royal Opera House: It is located in the capital, Muscat, and is considered one of the most beautiful architectural masterpieces in the region; it takes a distinctive architectural character; a huge number of art and music lovers from different parts of the world come to it annually; the house offers multiple artistic tastes; among them Islamic art, and Omani traditional folklore as well.
- Excretory market: The Muttrah Souq occupies a space near the Royal Opera House; it enjoys great importance among the popular markets at the level of the Arabian Gulf and the Middle East; it is considered a distinctive shopping area for tourists; especially those who wish to acquire traditional artifacts, Omani sweets, distinct Omani gum and others.
- Wadi Shab: This scenic place is very popular with tourists in the winter, when the mild climate prevails; tourists reach it by four-wheel drive for the purpose of enjoying the beauty of the region; the most beautiful thing that gives the region its beauty is its location among the high mountains; and the flow of water throughout the year.
- Nizwa Fort and Historic Market: Nizwa Castle is located in the heart of the former capital of the Sultanate of Nizwa, and the castle takes a circular shape at a high altitude, and occupies a space near the historic market of Nizwa; and its history dates back to more than three hundred and fifty years during the reign of the Yaarubah state; therefore it is one of the most important archaeological monuments.