Mykonos Island

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Mykonos Island

Mykonos Island is a Greek island located in the archipelago of Cyclades, surrounded by a number of islands, Paros Island, Syros Island, and Tinos Island, with a land area of ​​one hundred and five square kilometers, as the island consists of natural granite rocks, but there is no runoff of fresh water due to lack of rain Falling to it annually due to its fall in the rain shadow areas of the continental highlands of Greece.

Mykonos residents

The population of Mykonos Island is nine thousand three hundred and twenty people, i.e. the population density is ninety-nine people per square kilometer, according to the statistics of 2001 AD.

History of Mykonos

Mykonos Island went through historical stages that are summarized in: the first inhabitants of the island according to their beliefs are the Phoenicians, and in the tenth century BC the Ionians of ethnic origins lived in it, then the Persians stopped during the Perso-Greek wars for a short time, then after that the island became dependent on the Romans Then it moved to the Byzantines in the seventh century AD where they fortified it to protect it from invasions, then in 1204 AD it was occupied by the Venetians, and in 1292 AD the Catalans occupied it, and in 1390 AD the rule of the Venetians returned to it, and in 1537 AD it was subjected to a devastating attack on it Khairuddin Barbaros A nautical Ottoman commander followed by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, then became after the attack is governed by the Council of Ottoman local joint, and in 1718 AD imposed the control of the Ottomans it completely, and in 1921 AD began the wars of independence arose the island against Ottoman rule, and then became an island of Greece.

The most important landmarks of Mykonos

Mykonos Island has many monuments and historical sites:

  • Quarters and homes of the small town of Venice, which is built over the sea.
  • Mykonos Archaeological Museum, located in the town’s harbor area, was built in 1900 AD.
  • The seven windmills that were built in the sixteenth century and used to grind grains.
  • The ancient castle, called the Monastery of Paleokastro, located on the eastern side of the island, was built in the eighteenth century, and was built on the ruins of the Byzantine castle dating back to the Middle Ages.
  • The small island of Delos, which denotes the greatness of the Mycenaean period and is a museum rich in antiquities.
  • The city hall, named after the Dhimharkhon, was built in the neoclassical style and was established in 1780 CE.
  • The Monastery of the Virgin Mary, located in Turliani, was built in 1542 CE.
  • The Castro Church, called Paraportiani, which consists of five churches built together, and its construction dates back to the Middle Ages and is one of the most prominent Greek architecture on the island.
  • Stone tombs that date back to the Mycenaean period.
  • Mykonos Museum of Folklore.
  • Aegean Maritime Museum.
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