Wonderland in the world
Wonders of the World are several outstanding architectural and sculptural achievements in several different regions such as: the ancient Mediterranean and the Middle East.
Pompeii in Italy
The city of Pompeii is the largest archaeological site located on the continent of Europe, and accordingly it was designated by UNESCO in 1997 AD as a World Heritage Site, and the origin of Pompeii belongs to the ancient Greeks who inhabited it in the eighth century BC, and in Pompeii there is Mount Vesuvius which is an active volcano with a height The summit is 3,900 feet, and it is possible to see the Gulf of Naples from the top of Mount Vesuvius, and there was a collapse of this mountain in 79 AD, which led to submerging the city of Pompeii under a dense layer of volcanic ash, and in 1748 AD archaeologists discovered this city after removing the volcanic accumulations that had submerged it Most parts of the city have been found intact.
Mumbai is an attractive tourist place, with more than 2.5 million tourists visiting from all over the world every year, it owns many famous tourist places such as: National Museum of Naples Archeology, Naples Cathedral, San Francisco de Paula, Castel Nuovo, Royal Palace in Naples, Catacombs San Gennaro and San Gudioso, Teatro de San Carlo which is the Royal Theater in St. Charles, Leaning Tower of Pisa, Amalfi Coast, Venice, Colosseum, Rome, Portofino, Uffizi Gallery, and there are many hotels near Pompeii such as: Pompeii Resort , Forum Hotel, Palma Hotel, Mayuri Hotel, Isid Hotel, Fun S Diana, Hotel degli Amisi, Del Sol Hotel, Hotel visage, Giovanna Hotel, Hotel Santa Catarina.
Temple of Artemis
Artemis, the goddess of the Virgin, was built in 550 BC, and then destroyed by the invasion army led by Crosus, a large structure intended to attract tourists. This temple was made mainly of polished marble that was built on a platform containing 127 columns to support the ceiling, and it was dug Some of the inscriptions are on the columns, and the temple also contains artworks, silver statues and many paintings, and people used the Temple of Artemis as a religious place and a center of commerce.
The ancient Greek historian and philosopher Pliny the Elder mentioned that the Temple of Artemis was built on swamp land to protect it from earthquakes, and despite this this did not completely save the temple from destruction, as the temple was destroyed and then rebuilt by the Goths, and after that the temple became a neglected structure lost in the whirl of time In the late nineteenth century, the temple was discovered by John Turtle Wood, an architect, who received funding from the British Museum, and after a lengthy research that lasted for six years, the entire foundation of the temple and some parts of the remains of these deities were found and are now in the museum British.
Hanging garden in Babylon
The hanging garden of Babylon was built by the ruler of Babylon, “Nebuchadnezzar II,” and the hanging garden of Babylon was built with the addition of balconies that resemble the green mountain, and it is an engineering marvel in the suspended garden that water is drawn from the Euphrates River and flows into it until it descends along the road that reaches terraces Palaces and other buildings, the hanging garden of Babylon was formed by filling hollow cubic stone pillars with soil and by planting plants in it, and the water was raised to the level of the terraces using the series pumps, and the Greek “Philo” described the hanging garden of Babylon as gardens made on terraces and barriers Buildings, and in the description ” Trabou ”on the Hanging Garden of Babylon, as it contains exotic plants and fountains, and the garden contained plants imported from other lands, as Babylon is a dry and arid region and it does not rain much, just as the plants bend over the arches and sides of the building, which creates a fertile and green effect in this The arid region, the Hanging Garden of Babylon remains one of the most attractive places due to the engineering and technological touches that engineers added in the ancient world.
Zeus Statue in Greece
The statue of Zeus is considered one of the greatest Greek statues that were built in the past, and was built by “Phidias”, which is the greatest sculptor at that time through a special workshop built on the western side of the temple in the middle of the twentieth century, and the statue of Zeus is one of the huge wonders of size 40 feet It is made of ivory and covered with golden leaves, and he was sitting on a throne consisting of cedar wood that was inlaid with gold, ivory and ebony, and the statue of Zeus in his right hand holds the statue of the Greek goddess of victory called “Nike”, and in the left hand he carries a mace over the eagle.
Rhodes Statue in Greece
The statue of Rhodes in Greece is part of the myth surrounding the skills of Greek sculpting, and it serves as an inspiration for “Auguste Bartholdi” in his construction of the Statue of Liberty. Alexander the Great, his generals started fighting among themselves and divided his empire into three parts, including: the island of Rhodes, and as a result of that division, the wrath of Demetrius, who went with his army out of the city, then built many siege towers to try to conquer the city, and despite that a storm led to a fall G On the towers that were built, then the citizens of Rhodes sold the materials that were used in the construction of the towers to build a statue of Helios, which is one hundred and ten feet high. It was built by “Charis Lindos” in the early second century BC, and it is made of bronze, and this statue has remained steadfast For only 56 years, but it has entered history, and all the Greek historians who came after his fall spoke of its magnificence and beauty.