Places of tourism in Istanbul

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Aya Sofia

Tourists come to visit the Hagia Sophia, as it is an architectural masterpiece, and an important historical landmark in Istanbul, where it was built in 360 AD as a Greek Orthodox Church by order of the ruler Constantine, but it was subjected to a fire in 404 AD and destroyed, and was rebuilt in the year 415 AD by the Emperor II of the Emperor of the Emperor II To burn again, it was rebuilt for the third time by order of Emperor Justinian in 537 AD, and it is still intact to this day.
Hagia Sophia was designed with a large ceiling covered with a huge dome at an altitude of 54,86 m, supported by two semi-domes, and the walls of Hagia Sophia are distinguished by Byzantine mosaics made of gold and silver, and the walls are decorated with scenes and figures from the Bible. It is worth noting that the function of Hagia Sophia was changed from being a church to a mosque, where the walls were covered with Islamic lines, in addition to preparing a mihrab and adding minarets, then it became a museum in 1935 AD, and today it attracts large numbers of tourists.

Blue Mosque

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul is known as the Blue Mosque, because its interior walls are decorated with blue tiles, as the mosque’s construction dates back to the period between two years (1609-1616 AD) at the hands of the architect Sidfikar Muhammed Agha, and the mosque was distinguished because it is the first mosque In Istanbul he has 6 minarets.
Designed with Islamic architectural elements and elements inspired by Byzantine architecture, the mosque has a large central dome surrounded by semi-domes smaller, and contains 20 thousand handcrafted ceramic tiles.

Topkapi Palace Museum

Topkapi Palace is located in the palace complex in Istanbul, where it was then used as an administrative center and residence for the Ottoman Sultans, and that since 1478 AD until 1856 AD, and in 1924 AD the palace has turned into a museum, and it now displays archeological collections dating back to the Ottoman Empire His library includes a wide range of books and manuscripts.
The building was designed to include 4 consecutive courtyards surrounded by high walls, so that each courtyard is used for specific purposes, knowing that the beauty of the first patio can be described with the models, the ancient architectural decorations that decorate it, and its multi-colored tiles, while the second courtyard is called (Devan Square), and in it the tower The neoclassical, distinctive classic is now known as the collection of imperial porcelain that was used at that time, and in relation to the third courtyard it contained the residence of the Sultan, the inner palace school, and others, and the fourth courtyard is home to the palace gardens, and Grades.


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