Roman Antiquities in Palestine

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Palestine through history

Palestine is considered one of the first and oldest inhabited countries on the surface of the earth, since the first human appearance on it in the Stone Ages, and this is evidenced by the evidence and the effects of many of them, but the interior of that land still contains many of the remains that have not been revealed yet, Which tells the extent of the ancientity of that land, and its history full of events, so that no civilization has emerged on the face of the earth except that it has an impact on that geographical spot, which is distinguished by its location, climate and the unique nature of its land, which combines the plains with mountains with desert and valleys, ending with the Mediterranean coast, Among these civilizations is counting The Roman civilization, whose evidence extends to cover large and separate areas of the land of Palestine.

The Roman Empire

The Romans occupied the land of Palestine in sixty-three B.C.E., and the Jews claim that the Roman Emperor Hadrian had burned the place of the Temple in it in the year one hundred and thirty-five AD, after which he transformed the city of (Jerusalem) Jerusalem into a colony of the Romans called it (Elia). The Jews left the city and the entire land of Palestine according to the Jewish narration.
During the Roman reign, Augustus was born in the city of Bethlehem, who moved with his mother to the coastal city of Nazareth, where the city and villages surrounding Galilee witnessed the miracles of Jesus.
The Roman Empire was divided into two parts: the western part and the eastern part (Byzantium), where Palestine was subordinate to the eastern part of the Roman Empire, and was considered one of the states of the empire at that time, and it remained in this state until the Islamic conquests reached the year six hundred and thirty-three AD.

Roman antiquities in Palestine

Roman antiquities extend to the entire land of Palestine and with the continued excavation of antiquities, many traces dating back to this civilization and others are continuously found, and among the most important of these monuments that are still present today:

  • A Byzantine Church, also known as (Holy Family Church) in Al-Bireh.
  • (Al-Hebdrom), which is a horse racing stadium located in the center of Nablus.
  • The Roman cemetery, as well as the Askar cemetery in the city of Nablus, where the cemetery contains stone coffins whose sides are decorated with engineering and floral motifs.
  • Roman theater in the city of Nablus, and this theater is one of the largest Roman theaters discovered in Palestine.
  • The town of Sebastia, historians call it (the capital of the Romans) because it contains important archaeological monuments dating back to Roman civilization and many other eras, and it is said to have the tomb of the Prophet John the Baptist.
  • Byzantine bath in the Negev.
  • Byzantine Jabalia Church.

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