Sabratha monuments

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Sabratha monuments

Archaeological excavations in Sabratha have revealed more than half of the area of ​​the old city, including: the monuments in the Maidan area, many installations on the side of the port, a large residential neighborhood dating back to the second century located next to the theater, and many other Roman buildings; such as baths, temples, and fountains In addition to the presence of Christian remains, such as catacombs and four churches.

The most important monuments of the city of Sabratha

The Libyan city of Sabratha is distinguished for its distinguished effects, including:

  • Roman Theater: It is a distinguished and prominent place in the middle of the city, and its establishment dates back to the last quarter of the second century AD. This theater consists of a wooden platform decorated with its front facing with prominent marble inscriptions, and columns whose ends are decorated with patterns of dolphins. A group of rectangular and semi-circular niches and figures wearing clothing, such as the Amazonians.
  • Temples of the gods Hercules, Liberator and Serapis: In addition to the temples of the Basilica of Apollius famous for the Basilica of the Forum, which later became a Christian church.
  • The Temple of the Antonines: Where it was built in honor of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, between the years 90 and 95 AD.
  • Justinian Church of Byzantium: It is known as “Basilica Justinian”, and this church is known for its mosaics displayed in the Sabratha Museum, and the museum contains the most important artifacts and relics dating back to many historical stages.
  • The Punic Shrine: It dates back to the third and second centuries BC.

Historical background about the effects of Sabratha

Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of Sabratha during the fifth century BC, and the city at that time was a seasonal colony of the Carthaginian Empire, and after a century passed Sabratha became a real city, and the first stone relics were built there, and the Carthaginian market became a Roman square.
Archaeologists have found a children’s cemetery, and many obelisks of the Tanit community, and in the south of the city a large cemetery with a tomb-shrine has been found, and very few Carthaginian inscriptions have been discovered.
It is worth noting that the city of Sabratha witnessed development and prosperity after the fall of Carthage, where its port became a commercial center, and during the Antonine era the city reached its climax, and during the years 165-166 AD during the reign of Marcus Aurelius the country became a Roman colony, and in 253 AD the city became bishopric.
The importance of the city receded due to the barbaric earthquakes and raids at the beginning of 365 AD, and the first period of the fifth century CE witnessed the last restoration of the buildings, as the city was occupied by the Byzantines and saboteurs, and during the reign of Justinian many churches were built, and in the eighth century AD Sabratha became under the rule of the Arabs who They used Tripoli as their mall.

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