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Antiquities of Egypt

The Egyptian civilization is considered one of the most ancient and varied and prosperous civilizations throughout history, and we can see this through the effects left by the peoples and civilizations that have arisen in that region and which indicate the prosperity and great development they reached at the time, and also indicates a unique genius in various fields such as medicine, architecture and agriculture And engineering.
Through previous civilizations, we knew the triangular pyramids that puzzled the engineers for a long period of time because of their strange shape and because of the secret entrances and corridors and basements scattered in them. Giza and the Sphinx.

Giza Pyramids

The Egyptian pyramids extend from Giza Governorate to the Hawara region on the ruins of Fayoum Governorate, which are royal buildings that were built by the ancient Egyptians in the period from 2630 BC to 1530 BC, and there are approximately 100 pyramids that were built in different periods and in different places, The three most famous pyramids are in the Giza region: the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre, and the Menkaure Pyramid.
These buildings were built with the goal of preserving the mummy of Pharaoh and helping him cross into the sky on his journey to the afterlife, where the ancient Egyptians believed that the spirit of the king kept looking after them even after his death, as they ascend to the sky and join the gods and continue to care for the people by stimulating the flood of the Nile For the growth of plants and to send prosperity and comfort to them and prevent evil from them.

The priests and artists were engraving the phrases in the ancient hieroglyphic language on the walls of the royal burial chamber, which are teachings, verses, and hymns recited by the deceased king before the gods during the transition to the afterlife, and other spells to protect him during his journey. The architectural genius was evident in the designs of the pyramids, where the four sides are perpendicular to the four directions: North, South, East and West, and were built in the desert west of the Nile, so that the sun always sets behind because the ancient Egyptians believed that the soul of the dead king left his body all A day you travel with the sun.

Sphinx

It is a statue of a mythical object with a human head and a lion’s body carved from limestone, and it is more likely that it was covered with a colorful layer of gypsum in the past and removed over time, and traces of colors are still visible lightly next to the statue’s ear. The Great Sphinx is located on the Giza Plateau in front of the Pyramid of Khafre, according to ancient Egyptian beliefs. He is guarding the plateau; this great statue is 73.5 meters long and 19.3 meters wide.

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