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It is officially named after the Egyptian Arab Republic, and it is an Arab country located in the northeast of the African continent, and part of it is in the Asian continent, which is the Sinai Peninsula, where it is called a “transcontinental country.” It is bordered on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the eastern side by the Red Sea, and on the northeastern side by Palestine, its capital is Cairo, and its area is approximately (1.002.000) square kilometers, and from the administrative side it is divided into (27) governorates. Egypt is also one of the oldest civilizations found on the ground.
Most of the population of Egypt resides in the urban and the Nile Valley, and the most concentrated area is the Egyptian capital “Cairo”, which inhabits a quarter of the population of the Egyptian Republic, then Alexandria, and the rest live in the Delta regions, and on the coasts of the Red Sea, the Mediterranean, and areas Suez Canal.
The most important tourist areas in Egypt
Egypt contains many tourist areas that are visited by tourists and foreigners from all sides, including the following:
It is one of the archaeological areas in which it contains more than (120,000) artifacts, and it is one of the most prominent tourist areas in the city of Cairo, the museum consists of two floors: the first and there are antiques of ancient Egyptian dynasties and artifacts they brought from the Valley of the Kings and the tomb of Tutankhamun and mummies, And the ground floor contains old coins and papyrus.
Ibn Tulun Mosque
It is considered one of the oldest mosques in Cairo. It was established by Ahmed Ibn Tulun, the Abbasid ruler of Egypt, and it was established during the years (867-879) AD.
The Nile River
It is a source of Egyptian life since ancient times, which has its mineral water, and it is the longest river in the world, and has two tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile.
There are in the Giza region, which was built over three generations of the kings who ruled Egypt and they are: Khafre, Khufu, and Menkaure, and the largest of these pyramids is the pyramid of Khufu, which reaches a height of about (139) meters.
It is one of the ancient temples in Egypt, where it consists of three temples: the small, external, and main temple, and one of its most famous features is the Column Hall, which includes (134) columns.
It is located 85 km north of Sharm El-Sheikh on the Gulf of Aqaba, where it was previously an isolated city and then converted into a beautiful tourist resort, many activities can be practiced there such as: surfing, diving, snorkelling and camel riding.
Valley of the Kings
It is located near the Luxor area, and dates back to before BC, and there are tombs of kings and nobles.
Abu Simbel Temple
It is a place where two monumental temples are found. It is located in the south of Egypt. These temples were built in the era of Queen Nefertiti and King Ramses.