Sicily, Italy

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Sicily

Sicily or the jewel of Italy is the largest island in the Mediterranean, and it is considered an autonomous region in Italy, and the island has enjoyed a strategic location since ancient times, because of its importance in maritime trade routes across the Mediterranean, with an area of ​​25.708 km²; it is the largest Italian region in size, while the number of Its population is five million, according to the available statistics for the year 2010 AD, and its capital is Palermo.

Geographical nature

The geographical shape of Sicily is similar to the shape of a triangle, and it is located to the east of the Italian region of Calabria, separated from it by the Strait of Messina, as well as away from the main land area in Italy about 3 km north, and there are small islands that surround and follow Sicily, and they are called the Aeolian Islands, and the island enjoys a diversity My terrain is somewhat, and we’ll talk about it below:

Mountains

There are major mountain ranges on the island, namely Nebrodi and Madoni in the north, and Peloretani in the northeast, while the Hibelian mountains located in southeastern Sicily are a natural extension of the Italian Abyan Mountains, while in the eastern part of Sicily the volcanic mountain Etna is considered the highest active volcano in Europe, where It is 3320 meters high.

Forests

The Bosco de Caronia forest is the largest forest in Sicily, and there are several types of birds that inhabit it, while the island is sometimes considered the last stop for the settlement of some animals, such as the masked crow, for example, which lives in the three islands: Sardinia, Corsica, And Sicily.

Rivers

The island penetrates many rivers originating mostly from the central region, while the sea penetrates south of the island, and from the rivers in Sicily:

  • Salso River.
  • Alcantara River.
  • Simeto River.
  • Pellici River.
  • The Platani River.
  • Gornalunga River.
  • Gila River.
  • Cimarosa River.
  • Torto River.
  • Erminio River.
  • Derillo River.
  • Verdura River.
  • The Tilaro River.
  • Anabu River.

touristical monuments

  • Valley of temples: The Valley of the Temples is located outside the city of Agrigento, on the southern coast of Sicily, and has many ancient temples, as the city was of great importance in ancient Greece.
  • The capital, Palermo: Its history dates back to 2,700 years, where it was built by the Phoenicians, and its ancient museums and historical churches are a testament to that long history, as the city is now characterized by crowded markets.
  • Syracuse City: Its ancient section contains historical temples, and other important archaeological sites, such as the cemetery, known for its ancient history, with its construction dating back to 1270 BC.
  • Ares: The city is located on the top of Mount Ares, and it has many landmarks that indicate the history of the presence of Arabs in it, such as medieval castles, along with some of the castles built by the British.
  • Montreal city: The city is located on top of the hill overlooking the golden cripple, and it overlooks a valley made of olive, orange and almond trees, and one of the city’s most prominent features is the cathedral built in the architectural style during the Norman era.
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