The Sphinx, which is located in the Arab Republic of Egypt (currently), specifically in Giza Governorate, is considered one of the most famous statues found in Egypt, in addition to it being the largest and oldest existing statue on the world level; its length reaches about seventy-three meters, and its height is approximately Twenty meters, it is worth noting that it is distinguished by its strange shape that appears in the form of the body of a lion, and the head of a human adorned with a royal head covering, and it turned out that the material from which the statue was carved is one piece of limestone, taking time for a time Its completion reaches three years according to estimates, and it is indicated that it required about a hundred workers to build it, using copper chisels, stone hammers, and, according to studies and observations, it is believed that the date of sculpting the statue dates back to about two thousand and five hundred before the ruler.
There are many pyramids in the Republic of Egypt, the most important of which are three pyramids:
- The pyramid of Khufu: The pyramid of Khufu is considered to be the longest structure that was made by man, until the nineteenth century, when its length reaches about one hundred and forty-seven meters, and its size is approximately 5,750 million kilograms, knowing that it is also called the name of the largest pyramid, and it is worth noting that it consists of 2.3 million stone blocks.
- Khafre Pyramid: The pyramid of Khafre, or what is known as Chephren (English: Chephren) is located near the pyramid of Khufu, in the southwestern part of it, and it is the second pyramid in the country, where it was built by Khafro’s son Khufu, and it is worth noting that the pyramid may appear to be longer than the pyramid of Khufu; This is because it is located on high ground, but in reality it is smaller than the pyramid of Khufu.
- Menkaure Pyramid: Menkaure pyramid is considered the third of the pyramids, and it is considered the smallest of them. Its height reaches about sixty-seven meters, and it is indicated that Ibn Khafre` is the one who built it.
The site of the Egyptian pyramids
The pyramids are located on the northern side of the continent of Africa, and in the north of the Arab Republic of Egypt (currently), especially near the Giza region, which is located on a rocky plateau at the end, or the western shore of the Nile River, knowing that it is considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, as It is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year one thousand nine hundred and seventy-nine.