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The Sphinx’s Description

The ancient Egyptians constructed in Giza a distinctive masterpiece that was unique in its huge size, which is one of the largest sculptures in the world, as it reached seventy-three meters in height while it reached twenty meters in height, and surprisingly, it was carved from a single piece of solid limestone, and this huge masterpiece is a statue of a lion’s body Head of a king, and this statue is known as the Sphinx.
It is possible to observe the damage caused by the years to the Sphinx, as large parts of the body were eroded, the face was distorted and the nose was lost, and Napoleon’s army was accused of causing some of this ruin, so it is believed that they had tossed the statue’s nose with artillery, and there are those who see that there are religious motives She was behind this, and a Sufi deformed the statue as an objection to idolatry.

Who built the Sphinx?

Historians and scholars have agreed on the greatness of the statue and the creative mindset behind its construction, but they disagreed about the identity of who ordered its construction, as some attributed the period during which this statue was established to the era of King Khafra, while others saw that the brother of King Khafra who tried to control the throne after The death of King Khufu is the one that did this, and it remains the most correct for most Egyptian scholars that Khafra is the Pharaonic king for whom the statue was built.

Label puzzle

The mystery of naming the Sphinx by this name remains a matter of confusion and disagreement between historians and researchers in the history of ancient Egypt. The famous Egyptian scientist (Selim Hassan) explained the name of this name on the statue as a god worshiped by the Canaanite tribe who came from Harran and settled the Giza Plateau there.
Others saw that the name had gone through a series of misrepresentations of the absolute word (Horon) on one of the Canaanite deities until it finally became (about), then H turned to E and it became (hor) and preceded it (Abu), and there are those who return the name to the original word from which it was derived. , Which is (Paju), which means Egyptian Lion.


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