The Pyramids (pyramids) are huge stone buildings that take the form of a pyramid, used in building huge stone blocks, and a large group of workers, and were built during the era of the Pharaohs, to be the tombs of the bodies of their kings. Egypt includes a large group of historical pyramids, perhaps the most important and the largest:
- Djoser’s Pyramid: It is the oldest pyramid in ancient Egypt. It was built in the twenty-seventh century BC, a tomb for Pharaoh Djoser.
- The pyramid of Khufu: The pyramid is considered the largest, and most famous of all pyramids, and a tomb of Pharaoh Khufu was built.
- Khafre Pyramid: It is the middle pyramid, and a cemetery was built for the pharaoh Khafra, and it is also famous for the presence of the Sphinx in front of it.
- Menkaure Pyramid: The pyramid is considered the smallest of the three pyramids in Giza, and a tomb of Pharaoh Menkaure was built.
- Pyramid of Jeffrey: It is located outside the Giza Governorate, and it once represented one of the largest pyramids in Egypt, but today it is only a ruin.
Khan Al Khalili is located in Cairo, and it is a market and an old historical commercial center that includes its buildings dating back to the middle ages (the fourteenth century AD) a large number of shops, and stalls selling various products and goods, such as Semi-precious stones, soaps, souvenirs, utensils, spices, etc.
Luxor is located to the east of the Nile, and it is the city that represented the capital of the ancient Pharaonic Empire, and was known then as Thebes. Luxor has enjoyed great historical importance, represented by the presence of many monuments, statues, and historical temples. Perhaps the most important of them is the Luxor Temple, which was built at the end of the fourteenth century BC, and is provided by huge statues of King Ramesses II.
The Egyptian Museum (in English: The Egyptian Museum) in Cairo includes one of the most important archaeological collections in the world, the most important of which are ancient Pharaonic monuments, such as: mummies, treasures of Tutankhamun, statues, tools for daily use, and others.